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The case reports of two Swedish girls with initially pseudostationary clinical pictures, one simulating ataxic and the other dyskinetic cerebral palsy, are presented. It was eventually revealed that they had a slowly progressive encephalopathy with pronounced gross motor disability and signs of severe dyskinesia, but only mild intellectual delay. Electron(More)
BACKGROUND The early detection of effects caused by radiotherapy on bone mineralisation has influence on clinical treatment. Usually the follow-up is done by conventional X-rays, presenting a loss of calcification of at least 30%. Quantitative CT-measurements are much more sensitive. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a prospective study we evaluated the CT-scans of(More)
Alcohol-responsive myoclonic dystonia is reported in 26 individuals in a six-generation family, thus indicating autosomal dominant inheritance. Twenty affected family members aged between 3 and 56 years were examined on one occasion. Myoclonus in arms, shoulder, and neck distribution was seen in 17, with occasional generalized jerks in 14. Leg(More)
Benign paroxysmal torticollis is a condition characterized by attacks of head-tilting often accompanied by lateral curvature of the trunc. The first onset of these attacks usually occurs during the first months of life and they recur with a remarkable periodicity for 6--12 months after which time they gradually subside in intensity and frequency. As a rule(More)
Myoclonus-dystonia (M-D) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by myoclonic and dystonic muscle contractions that are often responsive to alcohol. The dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) on chromosome 11q has been implicated in one family with this syndrome, and linkage to a 28-cM region on 7q has been reported in another. We performed genetic(More)
A gene (DYT1) for susceptibility to early-onset torsion dystonia in Ashkenazi Jewish and Gentile kindreds is situated on chromosome 9q32-q34 in a 6-7 cM span between markers AK1 and ASS. To determine whether transmission of familial dystonia with myoclonic jerks responsive to alcohol was consistent with a gene in this region, we studied the 37 members of a(More)
A previously undescribed form of complicated hereditary spastic paraplegia with epileptic myoclonus in four affected offspring of consanguineous parents is reported. The disorder was inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Age at onset varied from the prenatal period to 10 years. The main findings when examined between 26 and 42 years of age were spastic(More)