Gunnar Nyman

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Fragrances are common causes of contact allergy. Geraniol (trans-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadiene-1-ol) is an important fragrance terpene. It is considered a weak contact allergen and is used for fragrance allergy screening among consecutive dermatitis patients. Analogous to other monoterpenes studied, such as limonene and linalool, geraniol has the potential to(More)
The fragrance terpene geraniol autoxidizes upon air exposure and forms a mixture of oxidation products, some of which are skin sensitizers. Reactions of geraniol with O2 have been studied with DFT (B3LYP) and the computational results compared to experimentally observed product ratios. The oxidation is initiated by hydrogen abstraction, forming an allylic(More)
This study concerns the autoxidation of one of the most used fragrances in daily life, linalool (3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-ol). It reacts with O2 to form hydroperoxides, which are known to be important contact allergens. Pathways for hydroperoxide formation are investigated by means of quantum mechanical electronic structure calculations. Optimized(More)
Thermal rate constants are calculated for the H + CH(4) --> CH(3) + H(2) reaction employing the potential energy surface of Espinosa-Garcia (Espinosa-Garcia, J. J. Chem. Phys. 2002, 116, 10664). Two theoretical approaches are used. First, we employ the multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree method combined with flux correlation functions. In this way(More)
D. Habs a, O. Kester a, T. Sieber a, H. Bongers a, S. Emhofer a, P. Reiter a, P.G. Thirolf a, G. Bollen a, J. Aystö b, O. Forstner b, H. Ravn b, T. Nilsson b, M. Oinonen b, H. Simon b, J. Cederkall b, F. Ames c, P. Schmidt c, G. Huber c, L. Liljeby d, O. Skeppstedt d, K.G. Rensfelt d, F. Wenander e, B. Jonson e, G. Nyman e, R. von Hahn f, H. Podlech f, R.(More)
We develop two classes of quasi-classical dynamics that are shown to conserve the initial quantum ensemble when used in combination with the Feynman-Kleinert approximation of the density operator. These dynamics are used to improve the Feynman-Kleinert implementation of the classical Wigner approximation for the evaluation of quantum time correlation(More)
Structure, transport properties, and IR spectra including quantum effects are calculated for a flexible simple point charge model of liquid water. A recently introduced combination of a variational local harmonic description of the liquid potential surface and the classical Wigner approximation for the dynamics is used. The potential energy and interatomic(More)
Relative rate experiments have been carried out for three isotopologues of chloromethane and their reactions with Cl atoms and OH radicals. The OH and Cl reaction rates of CH2DCl and CHD2Cl were measured by long-path FTIR spectroscopy relative to CH3Cl at 298+/-2 K and 1013+/-10 hPa in purified air. The FTIR spectra were fitted using a nonlinear least(More)
We review the gas-phase chemistry in extraterrestrial space that is driven by reactions with atomic and molecular ions. Ions are ubiquitous in space and are potentially responsible for the formation of increasingly complex interstellar molecules. Until recently, positively charged atoms and molecules were the only ions known in space; however, this(More)
The adiabatic capture centrifugal sudden approximation (ACCSA) has been applied to the ground state reaction N+NH-->N2+H over the temperature range 2-300 K using an existent potential energy surface. The resultant thermal rate constants are in agreement with available rate constants from quasi-classical trajectory calculations but are significantly larger(More)