Gunnar Nützmann

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Carbamazepine (CBZ), Ibuprofen (IBU) and Bezafibrate (BEZ) were tested for their potential to bioaccumulate and provoke molecular changes in the non-target organism Dreissena polymorpha. mRNA changes of enzymes and other proteins involved in the prevention from protein damage (heat shock protein 70, hsp70) and oxidative stress (superoxide dismutase, SOD;(More)
In the present study, Xenopus laevis tadpoles were chronically exposed to four concentrations of the synthetic gestagen Levonorgestrel (LNG; 10(-11), 10(-10), 10(-9), and 10(-8)M) starting at Nieuwkoop and Faber (NF) stage 48 until completion of metamorphosis. At NF 58 and 66, brain-pituitary and gonad samples were taken for gene expression analyses of(More)
Reactive multicomponent transport modeling was used to investigate and quantify the factors that affect redox zonation and the fate of the pharmaceutical residue phenazone during artificial recharge of groundwater at an infiltration site in Berlin, Germany. The calibrated model and the corresponding sensitivity analysis demonstrated thattemporal and spatial(More)
Due to increasing amounts of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in the aquatic environment, their largely unknown effects to non-target organisms need to be assessed. This study examined physiological changes in the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorpha exposed to increasing concentrations (0.534, 5.34, 53.4 and 534 microg L(-1)) of the beta-blocker(More)
Synthetic gestagens, including levonorgestrel (LNG), are active compounds in contraceptives, and several studies report their occurrence in surface waters. However, information about endocrine-disrupting effects in nontarget organisms is scarce. The present study investigated effects of LNG exposure on thyroid hormone-dependent metamorphosis of Xenopus(More)
Bioaccumulation and effects of the contraceptive hormone levonorgestrel were examined in the non-target organism Dreissena polymorpha. Molecular biomarkers of biotransformation, elimination, antioxidant defence and protein damage were analyzed after exposure to increasing concentrations of levonorgestrel in a flow-through system. The lowest concentration(More)
Infiltration capacity of bank filtration systems depends on water extraction and hydraulic resistance of the bed sediments. Lakebed hydraulics may be especially affected by clogging, which is dependent on settlement of fine particles, redox potential, and other factors. In the field, most of these processes are difficult to quantify, and thus, when(More)
We applied the complex ecosystem model EMMO, which was adopted to the shallow lake Müggelsee (Germany), in order to evaluate a large set of ecological scenarios. By means of EMMO, 33 scenarios and 17 indicators were defined to characterize their effects on the lake ecosystem. The indicators were based on model outputs of EMMO and can be separated into(More)
A series of multi-step outflow experiments was carried out to identify the unsaturated hydraulic properties of two homogeneous coarse-textured porous media (glass beads and sand). Because of the measured sharp fronts of water content decrease during these experiments the hydraulic functions are assumed to be represented by the complete van Genuchten–Mualem(More)