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The barrier that protects the undamaged gastroduodenal mucosa from autodigestion by gastric juice is a dynamic multicomponent system. The major elements of this barrier are the adherent mucus gel layer, which is percolated by the HCO3- secretion from the underlying epithelial cells; the epithelial layer itself, which provides a permeability barrier and can(More)
The gastroduodenal mucosa is a dynamic barrier restricting entry of gastric acid and other potentially hostile luminal contents. Mucosal HCO3(-) is a key element in preventing epithelial damage, and knowledge about HCO3(-) transport processes, including the role of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator channel, and their neurohumoral(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The gastric mucosa is covered by a continuous layer of bicarbonate-containing mucus gel; the question arises how acid, formed in the gastric glands, moves into the lumen. METHODS The pH in the gastric mucus gel and gel thickness were measured in anesthetized rats with pH-sensitive microelectrodes (tip diameter, 1-5 microns). RESULTS(More)
Secretion of bicarbonate into the adherent layer of mucus gel creates a pH gradient with a near-neutral pH at the epithelial surfaces in stomach and duodenum, providing the first line of mucosal protection against luminal acid. The continuous adherent mucus layer is also a barrier to luminal pepsin, thereby protecting the underlying mucosa from proteolytic(More)
Duodenal surface epithelial transport of HCO3(-) was measured by direct titration in anesthetized animals. Alkalinization of the lumen occurred in all species, although basal rates varied considerably: rats (approximately 10), cats (approximately 15), pigs (approximately 25), dogs (approximately 25), guinea pigs (approximately 40), and rabbits(More)
OBJECTIVE Serotonin (5-HT) is present in much larger amounts in the gut than in the central nervous system and is predominantly synthesized and stored in mucosal enterochromaffin cells. Bicarbonate secretion by the duodenal mucosa is the major mechanism in maintaining mucosal integrity, neutralizing invading protons within the surface mucus gel. In this(More)
In vivo microscopy of the gastric surface, and pH-sensitive dyes, were used to study the movement of acid formed in the gastric crypts across the mucus layer adherent to the gastric surface and into the lumen. Rats were anaesthetized and the stomach gently exteriorized. When the pH-sensitive dye Congo red was applied luminally to stain the gel,(More)
Vagal stimuli increase duodenal mucosal HCO-3 secretion and may provide anticipatory protection against acid injury, but duodenal enterocyte (duodenocyte) responses and cholinoceptor selectivity have not been defined. We therefore developed a stable primary culture model of duodenocytes from rats and humans. Brief digestion of scraped rat duodenal mucosa or(More)
Effects of antiinflammatory agents and prostaglandins on H+ and HCO-3 secretions and electrical properties were investigated in the amphibian-isolated gastric mucosa. Gastric HCO-3 transport was studied in Rana temporaria fundus, in which H+ secretion had been inhibited with the histamine H2-receptor antagonists metiamide or cimetidine (10(-3) M), and in(More)
The relationship between surface epithelial alkaline secretion and pH at the mucosal cell surface was studied in the duodenum of anesthetized rats. Alkaline secretion was measured by direct titration in situ using perfused segments of duodenum just distal to the Brunner gland area and devoid of pancreatic and biliary HCO3-. Mucosal surface pH was measured(More)