Gunnar Fagerberg

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The results of the Swedish two-county trial of mammographic screening for breast cancer are presented, updated to December 31, 1990, which is an average of 10.8 years follow-up per person. The main result of the trial in terms of breast cancer mortality remained the same: compared with the control group, the group invited to screening had a relative breast(More)
Despite encouraging results from screening trials the efficacy of mammography in reducing mortality remains somewhat controversial. Five studies have been done in Sweden. This overview, based on 282,777 women followed for 5-13 years in randomised trials in Malmö, Kopparberg, Ostergötland, Stockholm, and Gothenburg, reveals a 24% (95% confidence interval(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have found a smaller effect of breast cancer screening on breast cancer mortality in women aged younger than 50 years compared with older women. Various possible reasons have been suggested for this, but none firmly is established. METHODS The Swedish Two-County Study is a randomized trial of breast cancer screening of women(More)
The Swedish two county trial of breast cancer screening is now in its tenth year. This paper presents detailed results on mortality from breast cancer and from all other causes, and on the population denominators at risk for each of the first 8 years of follow up, for each county separately. These data represent a two year update on the last major report.(More)
The results of the Swedish two-county study are analysed with respect to tumour size, nodal status and malignancy grade, and the relationship of these prognostic factors to screening and to survival. It is shown that these factors can account for much of the differences in survival between incidence screen detected, interval and control group cancers but to(More)
Using 1,973 breast tumours from women aged 40-69 participating in the Swedish two-county trial of mammographic screening for breast cancer, we examined the effect of histological type on prognosis and sojourn time (the duration of the preclinical screen-detectable phase) by age. The hypothesis of dedifferentiation, according to which a cancer of mixed(More)
A randomised controlled trial of mass screening for breast cancer by single-view mammography was begun in Sweden in 1977. All women aged 40 and older and resident in the counties of Kopparberg and Ostergötland were enrolled. The present report is confined to the Ostergötland study, which started in 1978 and comprised 92 934 women. After randomisation, which(More)
In a mammography screening programme for the early detection of breast cancer 66 cases of ductal cancer in situ of the breast (DCIS) were diagnosed between 1978 and 1984 and prospectively followed up. In the beginning of the study period, DCIS was treated by mastectomy without axillary clearance but sector resection has been performed increasingly. Since(More)
The purpose of this overview is to estimate more precisely the long-term effect of mammography screening by adding four more years of follow-up to women aged 40-49 years in the four Swedish trials on mammography screening. Data from the four, trials were merged and linked to the Swedish Cancer and Cause of Death Register for 1958-1993 and 1951-1993(More)