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We describe a standard set of quantity names and symbols related to the estimation of kinetic parameters from dynamic contrast-enhanced T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data, using diffusable agents such as gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA). These include a) the volume transfer constant K(trans) (min(-1)); b) the volume of extravascular(More)
PURPOSE Quantification of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and volume (rCBV) with dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS After bolus administration of a paramagnetic contrast medium, rapid T2*-weighted gradient-echo images of two sections were acquired for the simultaneous creation of concentration-time curves in the(More)
Proton spin-lattice (T1) relaxation time images were computed from a data set of 32 gradient-echo images acquired with a fast TOMROP (T One by Multiple Read Out Pulses) sequence using a standard whole-body MR imager operating at 64 MHz. The data acquisition and analysis method which permits accurate pixel-by-pixel estimation of T1 relaxation times is(More)
We have developed a new method for estimation of regional CBF (rCBF) and cerebrovascular reserve capacity on a pixel-by-pixel basis by means of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirteen healthy volunteers, 8 patients with occlusion and/or high grade stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA), and 2 patients with acute stroke underwent dynamic(More)
The purpose of this work was to improve of the spatial resolution of a whole-body positron emission tomography (PET) system for experimental studies of small animals by incorporation of scanner characteristics into the process of iterative image reconstruction. The image-forming characteristics of the PET camera were characterized by a spatially variant(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to examine the pattern of cortical activity during a picture naming task. Subjects (n=12) had to covertly name either animals or furniture items. Functional scanning was performed using a conventional 1.5-Tesla whole-body MRI system. Images obtained during naming the two categories were compared using a(More)
A dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI technique for whole breast examinations is presented. The fast kinetics of tissue response during and after constant-rate intravenous infusion of gadolinium diethylenetriaminopentaacetic acid was resolved using a strongly T1-weighted saturation recovery TurboFLASH sequence that makes it possible to acquire signal-time courses(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify microcirculation and microvasculature in breast lesions by pharmacokinetic analysis of Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI series. Strongly T1-weighted MR images were acquired in 18 patients with breast lesions using a saturation-recovery-TurboFLASH sequence. Concentration-time courses were determined for blood, pectoral muscle,(More)
A treatment planning system based on magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic imaging data for the radiosurgery of inoperable cerebral arteriovenous malformations is reported. MR angiography was performed using a three-dimensional (3D) velocity-compensated fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP) sequence. Depending on the individual MR system,(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to identify cortical regions activated by a working memory task involving letter detection. Twenty four normal subjects were scanned with a conventional 1.5-T magnet while performing one of two tasks: In the activation task, subjects responded by pressing a button whenever any presented letter was the same as(More)