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The motions, forces, and moments at the major joints of the lower limbs of ten men ascending and descending stairs were analyzed using an optoelectronic system, a force-plate, and electromyography. The mean values for the maximum sagittalplane motions of the hip, knee, and ankle were 42, 88, and 27 degrees, respectively. The mean maximum net(More)
Recent epidemiological studies have indicated high risk factors for persons exposed to vibrations. We measured the in vivo responses of the lumbar vertebrae and sacrum of five volunteers who were subjected to pure sinusoidal vertical vibrations in the seated position. Two acceleration amplitudes were used, one and three meters per second squared, with(More)
1 Introduction 344 2 Data and methods 345 3 Results 348 3a Distribution of births 348 3b Children's experience of family formation 349 3c Children's experience of family dissolution 351 3d A summary of children's experience of living outside the union of their parents 354 3e Children's experience of family reconstitution 355 3f A summary measure of(More)
UNLABELLED We studied the validity of predictions of compressive loads on the lumbar spine and contraction forces in lumbar trunk muscles based on a biomechanical model. The predictions were validated by quantitative measurements of myoelectric activities at twelve locations on the trunk and of the pressure in the third lumbar disc. Twenty-five tasks were(More)
The mechanics of the lower limb were analyzed in young, adult normal subjects when rising from a seated position. Limb mechanics were described in terms of flexion-extension motion and moments at the hip, knee and ankle while rising from four seat heights corresponding to 65, 80, 100, and 115% of the subject's knee joint height. The results indicate that(More)
Flexion-extension moments acting at the L5/S1 level and hip joints were calculated using three different techniques; a pure static analysis, a static analysis including the inertial force of the load, and a dynamic analysis. Ten subjects participated in the study and were asked to lift a box weighing either 50 N or 150 N, using a freestyle technique. The(More)
The influence of backrest inclination and lumbar support on the shape of the lumbar spine in sitting positions has been studied radiographically on 38 healthy subjects. Four angles of backrest inclination and four different sizes of lumbar support were studied. In addition, the lumbar support was placed at three different lumbar levels. When sitting down(More)