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Recent studies have indicated that a number of bacterial and eukaryotic viruses that share a common architectural principle are related, leading to the proposal of an early common ancestor. A prediction of this model would be the discovery of similar viruses that infect archaeal hosts. Our main interest lies in icosahedral double-stranded DNA (dsDNA)(More)
This study demonstrates that heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) together with its cochaperone CPIP regulates the function of a potyviral coat protein (CP), which in turn can interfere with viral gene expression. HSP70 was copurified as a component of a membrane-associated viral ribonucleoprotein complex from Potato virus A-infected plants. Downregulation of(More)
The L-amino acid oxidase from Vipera lebetina venom was purified to homogeneity using combination of size exclusion, ion exchange and hydrophobic chromatography. The monomeric molecular mass of the homodimeric enzyme is 60.9kDa. The N-terminal and the tryptic peptides share high homology with other snake venom L-amino acid oxidases. The enzyme displays high(More)
Noroviruses are an important cause of epidemic acute gastroenteritis in humans. In this study the production and characterization of GII.4 norovirus virus-like particles (VLPs) in insect cells is reported. Furthermore, the expression of corresponding norovirus polyhistidine-tagged P domain protein in Escherichia coli is described. The protruding P domain of(More)
An L-amino acid oxidase was isolated from the venom of the common viper Vipera berus berus by a three-step procedure combining gel filtration, ion exchange and hydrophobic chromatography. The enzyme is a non-covalently bound homodimer with a monomeric molecular mass of 57.7 kDa. The N-terminal amino acid sequence and the internal peptide sequences show(More)
Studies on viral capsid architectures and coat protein folds have revealed the evolutionary lineages of viruses branching to all three domains of life. A widespread group of icosahedral tailless viruses, the PRD1-adenovirus lineage, was the first to be established. A double β-barrel fold for a single major capsid protein is characteristic of these viruses.(More)
The function of the nucleolus is intimately connected to cell proliferation, division and growth. Many cancer cells have enlarged nucleoli, and several nucleolar proteins have been linked to tumorigenesis. In order to find proteins whose expression is altered in the nucleoli of leukemic cells, we carried out two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis(More)
A new l-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) was isolated from the Central Asian cobra Naja naja oxiana venom by size exclusion, ion exchange and hydrophobic chromatography. The N-terminal sequence and the internal peptide sequences share high similarity with other snake venom l-amino acid oxidases, especially with those isolated from elapid venoms. The enzyme is(More)
Studies on extracellular proteins (ECPs) contribute to understanding of the multifunctional nature of apoplast. Unlike vascular plants (tracheophytes), little information about ECPs is available from nonvascular plants, such as mosses (bryophytes). In this study, moss plants (Physcomitrella patens) were grown in liquid culture and treated with chitosan, a(More)
Mosses (Bryophyta) are nonvascular plants that constitute a large part of the photosynthesizing biomass and carbon storage on Earth. Little is known about how this important portion of flora maintains its health status. This study assessed whether the moss, Physcomitrella patens, responds to treatment with chitosan, a fungal cell wall-derived compound(More)