Gunilla Nordberg

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The purpose of this paper was to explore the time spent on caring by families of persons with dementia in Sweden. As part of a European Commission project, interviews were carried out on a sample of 92 carers, caring for persons with dementia. The interviews focused on time spent on caring, IADL, ADL and surveillance, as well as formal support received and(More)
BACKGROUND The aging of the population has become a worldwide phenomenon. This leads to increased demand for services and with limited resources it is important to find a way to estimate how resources can be match to those with greatest need. AIMS To analyse time use and costs in institutional care in relation to different levels of cognitive and(More)
When the costs of dementia are analyzed, interviews regarding caregiver time (both informal or formal) and other kinds of resource use are frequently used. However, it is unclear how valid such data are. The aims were to investigate the validity and reliability of interview-based estimated resource use, particularly caregiver time. Twenty institutionalized(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to describe which caring activities eight spouses performed when caring for a partner with dementia, and in what way these activities were carried out. BACKGROUND Family caregivers are recognized as being the primary source of care for the community's older people. The largest group is comprised of spouses, with wives as the(More)
BACKGROUND Developed countries are experiencing a dramatic increase in the proportion of elderly persons, as well as a progressive aging of the elderly population itself. Knowledge regarding the amount of formal and informal care and its interaction at population-based level is limited. OBJECTIVES To describe the amount of formal and informal care for(More)
OBJECTIVE Elderly care includes complex interactions between formal services, informal care, morbidity and disabilities. Studies of the incremental effects of formal and informal care are rare and thus the objective was to describe the longitudinal patterns in formal and informal care given to non-demented and demented persons living in a rural area in(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe differences in morbidity and functional status according to living area. DESIGN Community-based survey. SETTING A community-based prospective cohort, the Kungsholmen-Nordanstig Project. PARTICIPANTS Adults aged 75 and older living in an urban area of central Stockholm (n=1,222) and in the rural community of Nordanstig in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that trends in cardiovascular risk may result in a decrease in age-specific prevalence of dementia. Studies in rural areas are rare. OBJECTIVES To study cohort effects in dementia prevalence and survival of people with dementia in a Swedish rural area. METHODS Participants were from the 1995-1998 Nordanstig Project (NP)(More)
River water used to irrigate arable land in Dayu County, Jiangxi Province, China, is polluted with cadmium from tailings and the wastewater of tungsten ore dressing plants. From information about the date of construction of ore dressing plants and an analysis of the annual growth rings of trees, we deduced that local residents have been exposed to cadmium(More)
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