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Reciprocal interactions between NK cells and dendritic cells have been shown to influence activation of NK cells, maturation, or lysis of dendritic cells and subsequent adaptive immune responses. However, little is known about the crosstalk between monocytes and NK cells and the receptors involved in this interaction. We report in this study that human(More)
Interactions of CD70, a tumor necrosis factor-related cell surface ligand and its receptor, CD27, are thought to play an important role for T-, B-, and natural killer-cell activation. However, ligation of CD27 can also induce apoptosis. Human glioblastoma is paradigmatic for cancer-associated immunosuppression. We identified CD70 as a radioinducible gene in(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes that play an important role in tumor immunosurveillance, preferentially eliminating targets with low or absent expression of MHC class I and stress-induced expression of ligands for activating NK receptors. Platelets promote metastasis by protecting disseminating tumor cells from NK cell(More)
The in vitro generation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) for anticancer immunotherapy is a promising approach to take patient-specific therapy from the bench to the bedside. Two criteria must be met by protocols for the expansion of CTLs: high yield of functional cells and suitability for good manufacturing practice (GMP). The antigen presenting cells(More)
CD40, a TNF-R-related cell surface receptor, is shown here to be expressed by glioma cells in vitro and in vivo. Glioma cell lines expressing low levels of CD40 at the cell surface resist cytotoxic effects of CD40L. CD40 gene transfer sensitizes glioma cells to CD40L. Inhibition of protein synthesis potentiates cell death which involves CD40 clustering and(More)
Bone destruction is a prominent feature of multiple myeloma, but conflicting data exist on the expression and pathophysiologic involvement of the bone remodeling ligand RANKL in this disease and the potential therapeutic benefits of its targeted inhibition. Here, we show that RANKL is expressed by primary multiple myeloma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia(More)
Cytotoxic CD8 T cells are key effectors in the immunotherapy of malignant and viral diseases. However, the lack of efficient methods for their in vitro priming and expansion has become a bottleneck to the development of vaccines and adoptive transfer strategies. Synthetic artificial APCs (aAPCs) are now emerging as an attractive tool for eliciting and(More)
Complex recombinant antibody fragments for modulation of immune function such as tumor cell destruction have emerged at a rapid pace and diverse anticancer strategies are being developed to benefit patients. Despite improvements in molecule design and expression systems, the quantity and stability, e.g., of single-chain antibodies produced in cell culture,(More)
INTRODUCTION For treatment of malignant glioma, radioimmunotherapy has become a valuable alternative for more than 2 decades. Surprisingly, very little is known about the distribution of intralesionally administered labelled antibodies or fragments. We investigated the migration of labelled antibodies and antibody fragments injected into intact and partly(More)
Tissue injury is inevitably accompanied by disruption of the endothelium and exposure of the subendothelial matrix. To generate a guidance molecule directing progenitor cells to sites of vascular lesions, we designed a bifunctional protein. The protein consists of the soluble platelet collagen receptor glycoprotein VI and an antibody to CD133 (hereafter(More)