Gundi Kaiser

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In Turner syndrome (TS), an X-chromosomal anomaly characterised by total or partial loss of the second X-chromosome, muscle hypotonia, and lower proficiency in fine and gross motor skills have been described. It is assumed that the neuromotor phenotype in TS is linked with X-chromosomal factors (individual mosaicism) and with the oestrogen deficiency due to(More)
BACKGROUND Video-assisted thoracoscopic debridement has been shown to be a safe and efficient procedure for empyema in the adult patient. Its place in the management of childhood empyema remains controversial. METHODS Over an 18-month period, 9 children were operated upon for pleural empyema. All children were initially treated with appropriate(More)
BACKGROUND The efficiency and reproducibility of patch tests remain controversial. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine the efficiency and reproducibility of patch tests and to identify factors influencing these features. METHODS We double-tested 1285 patients concomitantly with 10 standard allergens by manually filled test chambers. Additional(More)
Immobilization causes bone dissolution leading to hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria in children. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy who developed 2 stones in the pelvis off his left healthy kidney after only 8 days of immobilization. He was on bedrest after pyeloplasty done for a ureteropelvic junction obstruction on the right side. Compared to(More)
Acute traumatic tear of the thoracic aorta is extremely rare in childhood. Based upon our own experience with two children, the essential diagnostic and therapeutic measures are discussed with special reference to timing of surgery. Aortic disruption must be suspected in a child who sustains severe blunt chest injury and develops an abnormally wide(More)
Cystic or solid lesions of ribs containing giant cells are rarely seen in children. Three cases are presented which are uncommon with regard to the age of the patients (5-14 yr old) as well as the site. These lesions were diagnosed late and exclusively by X-ray. Radiographically it was impossible to distinguish between a giant cell tumor and an aneurysmal(More)
Total protein, albumin and gamma-globulin values were determined in CSF of 139 children. They had been referred to the emergency department of the Children's Hospital of the University of Berne during the last year because of suspected meningitis which, however, was not confirmed. In newborns and infants the normal range of protein values was wide, 0.1-0.65(More)
Prophylactic antibiotics are widely used during surgery, above all for clean-contaminated or contaminated procedures. Because factors other than the degree of contamination play a critical role in regard to postoperative infectious complications, it is not evident that recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis for an adult population can be transferred to(More)
Between 1983 and 1992 22 children with urolithiasis were treated at the Department of Paediatric Surgery and Paediatrics of the University Hospital of Berne. There were 8 girls and 14 boys with a mean age of 7.3 years. Metabolic disease was found in 6 children. There were 12 renal stones, 12 ureteral stones, 1 bladder stone and 1 urethral stone.(More)
In order to identify and analyse the factors associated with stress for the parents during day surgery, we performed a survey analysis of 568 parents whose children underwent surgery consecutively during an 18-month period. Of 368 parents who returned the questionnaire, (follow up rate=65%), 16% experienced the stress associated with day surgery as moderate(More)