Gunaretnam Rajagopal

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Aging, like many other biological processes, is subject to regulation by genes that reside in pathways that have been conserved during evolution. The insulin/ IGF-1 pathway, mTOR pathway and p53 pathway are among those conserved pathways that impact upon longevity and aging-related diseases such as cancer. Most cancers arise in the last quarter of life span(More)
The synthesis of the gonadotropin subunits is directed by pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus, with the frequency of GnRH pulses governing the differential expression of the common alpha-subunit, luteinizing hormone beta-subunit (LHbeta) and follicle-stimulating hormone beta-subunit (FSHbeta). Three mitogen-activated(More)
MicroRNAs are a class of noncoding RNA molecules that co-regulate the expression of multiple genes via mRNA transcript degradation or translation inhibition. Since they often target entire pathways, they may be better drug targets than genes or proteins. MicroRNAs are known to be dysregulated in many tumours and associated with aggressive or poor prognosis(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein plays a central role in maintaining genomic integrity by occupying a nodal point in the DNA damage control pathway. Here it integrates a wide variety of signals, responding in one of several ways, that is, cell cycle arrest, senescence or programmed cell death (apoptosis). Mutations in the tumor suppressor gene tp53, which(More)
Cell-cell adhesion is an extremely important phenomenon as it influences several biologically important processes such as inflammation, cell migration, proliferation, differentiation and even cancer metastasis. Furthermore, proteins involved in cell-cell adhesion are also important from the perspective of facilitating better drug delivery across epithelia.(More)
The Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) and its variant form (LFL) is a familial predisposition to multiple forms of childhood, adolescent, and adult cancers associated with germ-line mutation in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene. Individual disparities in tumor patterns are compounded by acceleration of cancer onset with successive generations. It has been suggested(More)
Nectins are Ca2+ independent cell adhesion molecules localizing at the cadherin based adherens junctions. In this study, we have used atomic force microscopy to study interaction of a chimera of extra cellular fragment of nectin-1 and Fc of human IgG (nef-1) with wild type L-fibroblasts that express endogenous nectin-1 to elucidate the biophysical(More)
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