Gunaretnam Rajagopal

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Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) improves radiation therapy for prostate cancer by facilitating precise radiation dose coverage of the object of interest, and minimizing dose to adjacent normal organs. In an effort to optimize IGRT, we developed a fast segmentation-registration-segmentation framework to accurately and efficiently delineate the(More)
In the intracellular environment, signaling takes place in a nonideal environment that is spatially heterogeneous and that is noisy, with the noise arising from the low copy numbers of the signaling molecules involved. In this paper, we model intracellular signaling pathways as stochastic reaction-diffusion processes and adapt techniques commonly used by(More)
BACKGROUND Many arrhythmias are triggered by abnormal electrical activity at the ionic channel and cell level, and then evolve spatio-temporally within the heart. To understand arrhythmias better and to diagnose them more precisely by their ECG waveforms, a whole-heart model is required to explore the association between the massively parallel activities at(More)
MicroRNAs are a class of noncoding RNA molecules that co-regulate the expression of multiple genes via mRNA transcript degradation or translation inhibition. Since they often target entire pathways, they may be better drug targets than genes or proteins. MicroRNAs are known to be dysregulated in many tumours and associated with aggressive or poor prognosis(More)
In this paper, we study the oscillatory dynamics of intracellular signaling cascades. We derive a reaction-diffusion model of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade, and use it to show how oscillations of the protein kinase concentrations can occur as a function of the depth of the cascade. We find that only cascades with depths of three or more(More)
The synthesis of the gonadotropin subunits is directed by pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus, with the frequency of GnRH pulses governing the differential expression of the common alpha-subunit, luteinizing hormone beta-subunit (LHbeta) and follicle-stimulating hormone beta-subunit (FSHbeta). Three mitogen-activated(More)
The Gastric Cancer (Biomarkers) Knowledgebase (GCBKB) ( is a curated and fully integrated knowledgebase that provides data relating to putative biomarkers that may be used in the diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer. It is freely available to all users. The data contained in(More)
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have become much more efficient, allowing whole human genomes to be sequenced faster and cheaper than ever before. However, processing the raw sequence reads associated with NGS technologies requires care and sophistication in order to draw compelling inferences about phenotypic consequences of variation in(More)
  • Bernett T.K. Lee, Lailing Liew, Jiahao Lim, Jonathan K.L. Tan, Tze Chuen Lee, Pardha S. Veladandi +4 others
  • 2008
CLUB (" Candidate List of yoUr Biomarkers ") is a freely available, web-based resource designed to support Cancer biomarker research. It is targeted to provide a comprehensive list of candidate biomarkers for various cancers that have been reported by the research community. CLUB provides tools for comparison of marker candidates from different experimental(More)
Nectins are Ca2+ independent cell adhesion molecules localizing at the cadherin based adherens junctions. In this study, we have used atomic force microscopy to study interaction of a chimera of extra cellular fragment of nectin-1 and Fc of human IgG (nef-1) with wild type L-fibroblasts that express endogenous nectin-1 to elucidate the biophysical(More)