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Antisense peptide nucleic acids (PNA) can inhibit bacterial gene expression with gene and sequence specificity. Using attached carrier peptides that aid cell permeation, the antisense effects when targeting essential genes are sufficient to prevent growth and even kill bacteria. However, many design uncertainties remain, including the difficult question of(More)
Antimicrobial drug action is limited by both microbial and host cell membranes. Microbes stringently exclude the entry of most drugs, and mammalian membranes limit drug distribution and access to intracellular pathogens. Recently, cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have been developed as carriers to improve mammalian cell uptake. Given that CPPs are cationic(More)
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) play an important role in the formation and activity of biofilms in wastewater treatment (WWT). The EPS of the denitrifying biomarker Comamonas denitrificans strain 110, produced in different culture media and growth modes, were characterized. The EPS mainly contained protein (3–37%), nucleic acids (9–50%), and(More)
Two mineral-based materials (Polonite and Sorbulite) intended for filter wells in on-site wastewater treatment were compared in terms of removal of phosphate (PO4-P), total inorganic nitrogen (TIN), total organic carbon (TOC) and faecal indicator bacteria (Escherichia coli and Enterococci). Using an innovative, recirculating system, septic tank effluent was(More)
The pine weevil Hylobius abietis (L.) is a severe pest of conifer seedlings in reforested areas of Europe and Asia. To identify minimally toxic and ecologically sustainable compounds for protecting newly planted seedlings, we evaluated the volatile metabolites produced by microbes isolated from H. abietis feces and frass. Female weevils deposit feces and(More)
Stringent microbial cell barriers limit the application of many substances in research and therapeutics. Carrier peptides that penetrate or translocate across cell membranes may help overcome this problem. To assess peptide-mediated delivery into two yeast and three bacterial species, a range of cell penetrating and signal peptide sequences were fused to(More)
The pine weevil Hylobius abietis is a severe pest of conifer seedlings in reforestation areas. Weevils lay eggs in the root bark or in the soil near roots of recently dead trees and cover the eggs with frass (feces combined with chewed bark), possibly to avoid conspecific egg predation. The aim of the present investigation focused on isolation,(More)
The application of surface modified magnetic adsorbent particles in combination with magnetic separation techniques has received considerable awareness in recent years. There is a particular need in protein purification and analysis for specific, functional and generic methods of protein binding on solid supports. Nanoscale superparamagnetic iron oxide(More)
Microorganisms possess stringent cell membranes which limit the cellular uptake of antimicrobials. One strategy to overcome these barriers is to attach drugs or research reagents to carrier peptides that enter cells by passive permeation or active uptake. Here the short endocytosis signal peptide NPFSD was found to efficiently deliver both FITC and GFP into(More)
Many proteins exist in dimeric and other oligomeric forms to gain stability and functional advantages. In this study, the dimerization property of a coagulant protein (MO2.1) from Moringa oleifera seeds was addressed through laboratory experiments, protein-protein docking studies and binding free energy calculations. The structure of MO2.1 was predicted by(More)