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We describe a method for assessing tissue-specific plasma free fatty acid (FFA) utilization in vivo using a non-beta-oxidizable FFA analog, [9,10-3H]-(R)-2-bromopalmitate (3H-R-BrP). Ideally 3H-R-BrP would be transported in plasma, taken up by tissues and activated by the enzyme acyl-CoA synthetase (ACS) like native FFA, but then 3H-labeled metabolites(More)
Lipid extraction from biological samples is a critical and often tedious preanalytical step in lipid research. Primarily on the basis of automation criteria, we have developed the BUME method, a novel chloroform-free total lipid extraction method for blood plasma compatible with standard 96-well robots. In only 60 min, 96 samples can be automatically(More)
Most models of lipoprotein oxidation by free radicals have excluded macromolecular plasma components from the system. This limits their biological significance because oxidation of lipoproteins appears to occur in the intima in the presence of a plasma ultrafiltrate. Hemin, a product of in vivo hemoglobin degradation, binds and oxidizes purified(More)
Ximelagatran, the first oral agent in the new class of direct thrombin inhibitors, was withdrawn from the market due to a potential risk of severe liver injury. Increased rates of liver enzyme elevations had been observed during clinical trials of chronic use. Despite intensive preclinical investigations the cellular mechanisms behind the observed hepatic(More)
This study investigated the effects of rosuvastatin on plaque progression and in vivo coronary artery function in apolipoprotein E-knockout (ApoE-KO) mice, using noninvasive high-resolution ultrasound techniques. Eight-week-old male ApoE-KO mice (n = 20) were fed a high-fat diet with or without rosuvastatin (10 micromol.kg(-1).day(-1)) for 16 wk. When(More)
BACKGROUND We determined previously that hypoxia results in increased 15-lipoxygenase type 2 (15-LOX-2) expression and CXCL8 secretion in macrophages. This study sought to determine whether 15-LOX-2 expression links directly with the secretion of inflammatory molecules in macrophages and also investigated its subsequent effects on T cell migration. (More)
In this study we present a simple and rapid method for tissue lipid extraction. Snap-frozen tissue (15-150 mg) is collected in 2 ml homogenization tubes. 500 μl BUME mixture (butanol:methanol [3:1]) is added and automated homogenization of up to 24 frozen samples at a time in less than 60 seconds is performed, followed by a 5-minute single-phase extraction.(More)
INTRODUCTION With the arrival of the potent P2Y12 antagonists, ticagrelor and prasugrel, the need for co-treatment with aspirin in acute coronary syndromes must be re-examined. This study assessed whether high-dose aspirin: a) provides additional anti-platelet efficacy, assessed in vivo and ex vivo, when combined with P2Y12 inhibition; and/or b) has a(More)
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