Gulshan Wadhwa

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Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular apicomplexan parasite that can infect a wide range of warm-blooded animals including humans. In humans and other intermediate hosts, toxoplasma develops into chronic infection that cannot be eliminated by host's immune response or by currently used drugs. In most cases, chronic infections are largely(More)
The study of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in humans and animal models in last 31 years suggested that it is a causative agent of AIDS. This causes serious pandemic public health concern globally. It was reported that the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) played a critical role in the life cycle of HIV. Therefore, inhibition of HIV-1RT enzyme is one of(More)
Extended-spectrum-β-lactamases (ESBLs), constitutes the growing class of betalactamses, these are enzymes produced by bacteria which impart resistance against advanced-generation-cephalosporins. SHV enzymes are among the most prevalent ESBLs. The mode of molecular interactions of recent SHV-variants to advanced generation cephalosporins has not been(More)
The process of inflammation is associated with several disorders such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and arthritis. Cyclooxygenase (COX) receptors play an important role in inflammation. COX-2 is an endogenous enzyme which catalyses and converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins and thromboxanes. The prediction of the docking of small molecules at the(More)
Rab3A is expressed predominantly in brain and synaptic vesicles. Rab3A is involved specifically in tethering and docking of synaptic vesicles prior to fusion which is a critical step in regulated release of neurotransmitters. The precise function of Rab3A is still not known. However, up-regulation of Rab3A has been reported in malignant neuroendocrine and(More)
4-hydroxypanduratin A is a secondary metabolite of Boesenbergia pandurata Schult. (Fingerroot) plant with various pharmacological activities such as neuroprotective, potent antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal. Flaviviral NS2B/NS3 protease activity is essential for polyprotein processing and viral replication for Japanese Encephalitis Virus (JEV), a(More)
Trichomonas vaginalis causes the trichomoniasis, in women and urethritis and prostate cancer in men. Its genome draft published by TIGR in 2007 presents many unusual genomic and biochemical features like, exceptionally large genome size, the presence of hydrogenosome, gene duplication, lateral gene transfer mechanism and the presence of miRNA. To understand(More)
Transcription factors are trans-acting proteins that interact with specific nucleotide sequences known as transcription factor binding site (TFBS), and these interactions are implicated in regulation of the gene expression. Regulation of transcriptional activation of a gene often involves multiple interactions of transcription factors with various sequence(More)
Determination of the native geometry of the enzymes and ligand complexes is a key step in the process of structure-based drug designing. Enzymes and ligands show flexibility in structural behavior as they come in contact with each other. When ligand binds with active site of the enzyme, in the presence of cofactor some structural changes are expected to(More)
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an acute viral infection of the central nervous system where the JE virus infects the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and rapidly accumulates substantial amount of seven different nonstructural proteins (NS). These NS proteins tend to bind on a glycoprotein receptor, ribophorin (RPN) resulting in the malfunctioning of(More)