Gulnara Z Mikhailova

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Goldfish are known to exhibit motor asymmetry due to functional asymmetry of their Mauthner neurons that induce the turns to the right or left during free swimming. It has been previously found that if the less active neuron is subjected to prolonged aimed visual stimulation via its ventral dendrite, the motor asymmetry of goldfish is inverted, testifying(More)
Three-dimensional computer reconstruction working from serial histological sections was used to study the morphology of the right and left Mauthner neurons (MN) in goldfish fry showing marked preferences to turn stably to the right or left in a narrow water channel or showing no asymmetry in their choice of side during turns. Visually, fish with left-sided(More)
We studied changes in the motor asymmetry of the goldfish induced by single-session long-lasting vestibular stimulations (clockwise and counter clockwise rotations around the rostro-caudal body axis) and repetitive everyday short sessions of such stimulation (training); the latter mode led to the development of adaptation (resistance to fatigue). Rotational(More)
Using the three-dimensional computer reconstruction from serial histological sections, the morphology of right and left Mauthner cells (MC) was examined in the goldfish fry which demonstrated clearly pronounced preference to turn to the right or to the left in a narrow water channel or which did not show any asymmetry in choosing the side of turning.(More)
In goldfishes, we studied (i) manifestations of functional activity of Mauthner neurons (MNs) reflected in motor behavior and (ii) changes in 3-D morphometry (ratio of volumes) and ultrastructure of MNs after applications of an actin-polymerizing peptide obtained from scorpion venom and after vestibular rotational stimulations (trainings) inducing natural(More)
The structural mechanisms that control the neuronal functional activity maintaining the brain functional asymmetry were studied using the relationship between the function and structure of goldfish Mauthner neurons (MNs) responsible for fish motor asymmetry as a model. It was shown for the first time that the dominant activity in one of the two counter(More)
Three-dimensional reconstruction was used to study the structural correlates of significant increases in the activity of Mauthner neurons (MN) deafferented after unilateral enucleation of the eye evidenced by an irreversible shift in motor asymmetry in goldfish towards the “blind” side. The results showed that in some cases, the dominance of the MN(More)
Immunogold labeling was used to identify serotoninergic synapses of the chemical and mixed types on the ventral dendrite (VD) of Mauthner neurons (MN) in goldfish. These had the characteristic feature that they contained several mitochondria in the bouton and, apart from an active zone (AZ), had an obligatory desmosome-like contact (DlC). The AZ of these(More)
Previous studies have shown that contralateral (to the preferred turning side) optokinetic stimulation and ipsilateral enucleation of the eye lead to significant (by a factor of 2–4) decreases in the volume of the ventral dendrite (VD) in one of the two Mauthner neurons (MN) of the goldfish, which becomes functionally more active. We report here our studies(More)
We have previously shown that contralateral optokinetic (visual) stimulation (COS) evokes inversion of motor asymmetry in goldfish and three-fold reductions in the volume of the ventral dendrite of the ipsilateral Mauthner neuron (MN). A training regime consisting of repeated daily sessions of COS induced resistance of the motor behavior of the fish to this(More)