Learn More
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether experimental hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) can induce adverse changes in bone metabolism. METHODS Blood and urine samples were collected from rats fed with a methionine-enriched diet (HHCY, n = 18) or an isocaloric control diet (control, n = 10) for 12 weeks. Biochemical bone turnover markers (osteocalcin, hydroxyproline,(More)
UNLABELLED To test our hypothesis that the abnormally small efficacy of mu-opioid agonists in diabetic rats may be due to functional changes in the L-arginine/nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway, we evaluated the effects of N-iminoethyl-L-ornithine, methylene blue, and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine on [D-Ala(2), NMePhe(4),(More)
Phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors are novel and important options for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Therefore, we aimed to examine effects of vardenafil, a PDE-5 inhibitor, on the pulmonary arteries isolated from rats with monocrotaline- (MCT-) induced pulmonary hypertension. MCT (60 mg/kg) or its vehicle was administered(More)
1. GABA (3 x 10(-4) M) and electrical stimulation (60 mV, 1 ms, 0.1 Hz) produced a non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) relaxation response in the rat isolated duodenum. 2. Tetrodotoxin (10(-6) M) incubation abolished GABA and electrical stimulation responses but not ATP (10(-3) M)-induced relaxation. 3. Desensitization to ATP (10(-3) M) or alpha,(More)
This study was aimed to examine the effects of homocysteine (Hcy) on vascular responsiveness of guinea-pig isolated pulmonary arteries and to investigate possible underlying mechanisms. In order to evaluate vascular reactivity, isometric tension studies were performed in response to potassium chloride (KCl), phenylephrine (Phe), acetylcholine (ACh), and(More)
Recent studies have clearly reported that there is a relationship between endotoxemia and acute renal injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether treatment with the new potent PARP inhibitor PJ34 could prevent the acute renal injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Endotoxemia was induced by LPS injection (10 mg/kg, i.v.). LPS increased(More)
1. Hypertension and renal failure are the two most common and severe complications due to cyclosporine A (CsA) therapy after transplantation. To determine whether an in vivo treatment with pentoxifylline (PTX) can prevent the toxic effects of CsA, three groups of rats were studied. 2. The first group of rats (n = 11) received daily injections of CsA (15(More)
1. The effects of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced experimental diabetes on nitrergic-mediated responses to GABA and electrical field stimulation (EFS) have been evaluated in rat isolated duodenum. 2. In the presence of noradrenergic and cholinergic blockade, EFS (60 V, 1 ms, 0.1-32 Hz) induced frequency dependent relaxations of the preparation. GABA also(More)
The effect of diabetes induced by pretreatment with streptozotocin 6 weeks prior to the study on the responses induced by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the GABA(A) agonist 3-aminopropane sulfonic acid (3-APS), and acetylcholine in the rat isolated ileum was evaluated. GABA, 3-APS, and acetylcholine showed a rightward shift in their concentration-dependent(More)
We prepared diet-induced hyperhomocysteinemia (hHcy) in adult male Wistar rats and investigated the effects of hHcy on the adenosinergic and adrenergic responses in vitro and in vivo. The responsiveness of right atria from hHcy rats to the negative chronotropic effects of adenosine (Ado) was found to be significantly greater in hHcy rats than in controls.(More)