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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether experimental hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) can induce adverse changes in bone metabolism. METHODS Blood and urine samples were collected from rats fed with a methionine-enriched diet (HHCY, n = 18) or an isocaloric control diet (control, n = 10) for 12 weeks. Biochemical bone turnover markers (osteocalcin, hydroxyproline,(More)
UNLABELLED To test our hypothesis that the abnormally small efficacy of mu-opioid agonists in diabetic rats may be due to functional changes in the L-arginine/nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway, we evaluated the effects of N-iminoethyl-L-ornithine, methylene blue, and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine on [D-Ala(2), NMePhe(4),(More)
Phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors are novel and important options for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Therefore, we aimed to examine effects of vardenafil, a PDE-5 inhibitor, on the pulmonary arteries isolated from rats with monocrotaline- (MCT-) induced pulmonary hypertension. MCT (60 mg/kg) or its vehicle was administered(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the mechanism of the protamine action and the effects of free hemoglobin on protamine-induced responses in endothelium-denuded and-intact human internal thoracic artery (ITA) rings precontracted with phenylephrine (PE) or high KCl. METHODS Samples of redundant ITA obtained from patients undergoing a coronary artery bypass graft(More)
1. GABA (3 x 10(-4) M) and electrical stimulation (60 mV, 1 ms, 0.1 Hz) produced a non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) relaxation response in the rat isolated duodenum. 2. Tetrodotoxin (10(-6) M) incubation abolished GABA and electrical stimulation responses but not ATP (10(-3) M)-induced relaxation. 3. Desensitization to ATP (10(-3) M) or alpha,(More)
This study was aimed to examine the effects of homocysteine (Hcy) on vascular responsiveness of guinea-pig isolated pulmonary arteries and to investigate possible underlying mechanisms. In order to evaluate vascular reactivity, isometric tension studies were performed in response to potassium chloride (KCl), phenylephrine (Phe), acetylcholine (ACh), and(More)
Recent studies have clearly reported that there is a relationship between endotoxemia and acute renal injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether treatment with the new potent PARP inhibitor PJ34 could prevent the acute renal injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Endotoxemia was induced by LPS injection (10 mg/kg, i.v.). LPS increased(More)
1. Hypertension and renal failure are the two most common and severe complications due to cyclosporine A (CsA) therapy after transplantation. To determine whether an in vivo treatment with pentoxifylline (PTX) can prevent the toxic effects of CsA, three groups of rats were studied. 2. The first group of rats (n = 11) received daily injections of CsA (15(More)
Recent studies have clearly shown that there is a relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and endothelial dysfunction. However, the effect of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition on homocysteine (Hcy)-induced endothelial damage has not been investigated. In this study, we investigated whether the loss of endothelial function in rat aortic rings(More)
It is well known that phosphodiesterase inhibitors, such as MB 22948 or papaverine, induce endothelium-dependent relaxation by potentiating the effects of endothelium-derived relaxing factor released spontaneously in vascular tissues. The present study was planned to determine whether the vasodilator properties of pentoxifylline, a phosphodiesterase(More)