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The ability of TNP-470, a synthetic analog of fumagillin which has been described as an anti-angiogenic agent, to potentiate cytotoxic cancer therapies was investigated in vivo in the murine FSaIIC fibrosarcoma and the Lewis lung carcinoma. TNP-470 was more toxic toward FSaIIC tumor cells from tumors treated in vivo than toward bone-marrow CFU-GM from the(More)
The anticancer activity of the boronic acid dipeptide proteasome inhibitor PS-341 was examined in vitro and in vivo. PS-341 was a potent cytotoxic agent toward MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells in culture, producing an IC90 of 0.05 microM on 24 h of exposure to the drug. In the EMT-6 tumor cell survival assay, PS-341 was equally cytotoxic administered p.o.(More)
Shigella is a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and growth retardation for children in developing countries. Emergence of antibiotic resistance among Shigellae demands the development of effective medicines. Previous studies found that the endogenous antimicrobial peptide LL-37 is down-regulated in the rectal epithelium of patients during shigellosis and(More)
BACKGROUND The most commonly used antineoplastic drugs are more cytotoxic toward normally oxygenated tumor cells than toward hypoxic tumor cells. PURPOSE AND METHODS To examine the ability of SR-4233, a new cytotoxic agent, to overcome the resistance of hypoxic tumor cells to antitumor alkylating agents, we tested the cytotoxic effect of SR-4233 alone and(More)
A principle objective in chemotherapy is the development of modalities capable of selectively destroying malignant cells while sparing normal tissues. One new approach to selective photochemotherapy, antibody-targeted photolysis (ATPL) uses photosensitizers (PS) coupled to monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) which bind to cell surface antigens on malignant cells.(More)
In the design of sequential high-dose chemotherapy regimens, the selection of antitumor alkylating agents to be included in each intensification and the interval between the intensifications are critical to the design of the therapy. The tumor cell survival assay and tumor growth delay assay using the murine EMT-6 mammary carcinoma were used as a solid(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been implicated in the in vivo resistance of the EMT-6/CTX and EMT-6/ CDDP murine mammary tumors. Both of these tumors have a higher number of intratumoral vessels than the EMT-6/ parent tumor. Animals bearing the resistant tumors have higher plasma levels of TGF-beta than animals bearing the parent tumors;(More)
The cytotoxicity of the topoisomerase-I inhibitors, camptothecin and topotecan, toward the SCC-25 human head-and-neck squamous-carcinoma cells and the SCC-25/CDDP sub-line made resistant to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) was assessed alone and in combination with radiation. Topotecan was less cytotoxic than camptothecin in cell culture and the SCC-25/CDDP(More)
Three human tumor cell lines made resistant to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP), SCC-25/CP, MCF-7/CP, and C13, are more sensitive to rhodamine-123 [tetrachloroplatinum(II)] [(PtCl4(Rh-123)2] than are the corresponding parental cell lines. The CDDP-resistant cells have higher intracellular concentrations of PtCl4(Rh-123)2 for the same exposure than do(More)