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BACKGROUND Pyropia haitanensis and P. yezoensis are two economically important marine crops that are also considered to be research models to study the physiological ecology of intertidal seaweed communities, evolutionary biology of plastids, and the origins of sexual reproduction. This plastid genome information will facilitate study of breeding,(More)
Pyropia yezoensis is a model organism often used to investigate the mechanisms underlying stress tolerance in intertidal zones. The digital gene expression (DGE) approach was used to characterize a genome-wide comparative analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that influence the physiological, developmental or biochemical processes in samples(More)
In vivo identification of early-stage cartilage degradation could positively impact disease progression in osteoarthritis, but to date remains a challenge. The primary goal of this study was to develop an infrared fiber-optic probe (IFOP) chemometric method using partial least squares (PLS1) to objectively determine the degree of cartilage degradation.(More)
κ-Carrageenases exhibit apparent distinctions in gene sequence, molecular weight, enzyme properties, and posttranslational processes. In this study, a new κ-carrageenase gene named cgkZ was cloned from the marine bacterium Zobellia sp. ZM-2. The gene comprised an open reading frame of 1,638 bp and encoded 545 amino acids. The natural signal peptide of(More)
The complete genome of Klebsiella phage P13 was sequenced and analyzed. Bacteriophage P13 has a double-stranded linear DNA with a length of 45,976 bp and a G+C content of 51.7 %, which is slightly lower than that of Klebsiella pneumoniae KCTC 2242. The codon biases of phage P13 are very similar to those of SP6-like phages and K. pneumoniae KCTC 2242.(More)
UNLABELLED Storing protein formulations in the frozen state typically improves stability during long-term storage as a drug substance or as a drug product. The frozen state minimizes chemical degradation and physical instability. However, the frozen state is not an optimal storage condition for the glass vial itself. A significant issue was observed when(More)
BACKGROUND Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) is an economically important marine fish in Asia and has suffered from disease outbreaks caused by various pathogens, which requires more information for immune relevant genes on genome background. However, genomic and transcriptomic data for Japanese flounder remain scarce, which limits studies on the(More)
Inspired by the relationship between the antibody concentration and the intrusion network traffic pattern intensity, we present a Novel Intrusion Detection Approach learned from the change of Antibody Concentration in biological immune response (NIDAAC) to reduce false alarm rate without affecting detection rate. In NIDAAC, the concepts and formal(More)