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Histone modification patterns and their combinatorial readout have emerged as a fundamental mechanism for epigenetic regulation. Here we characterized Spindlin1 as a histone effector that senses a cis-tail histone H3 methylation pattern involving trimethyllysine 4 (H3K4me3) and asymmetric dimethylarginine 8 (H3R8me2a) marks. Spindlin1 consists of triple(More)
Wnt-β-catenin (β-catenin is also known as CTNNB1 in human) signaling through the β-catenin-TCF complex plays crucial roles in tissue homeostasis. Wnt-stimulated β-catenin-TCF complex accumulation in the nucleus regulates cell survival, proliferation and differentiation through the transcription of target genes. Compared with their levels in G1, activation(More)
In an attempt to discover novel proteins functioning in both interphase nucleus and mitotic spindle as NuMA does, we carried out cDNA library screening with pooled autoimmune antibodies. Among positive clones we found a recently identified transcription regulatory protein (CDCA4) with the distinctive nuclear-mitotic apparatus distribution. CDCA4 localizes(More)
The Rac1/JNK cascade plays important roles in DNA damage-induced apoptosis. However, how this cascade is activated upon DNA damage remains to be fully understood. We show here that, in untreated cells, Tiam1, a Rac1-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor, is phosphorylated by casein kinase 1 (CK1) at its C terminus, leading to Skp, Cullin,(More)
The beta-catenin-lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF) protein complex is the key mediator of canonical Wnt signaling and initiates target gene transcription upon ligand stimulation. In addition to beta-catenin and LEF themselves, many other proteins have been identified as necessary cofactors. Here we report that the evolutionally conserved splicing factor and(More)
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