Guixin Zhang

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Anisotropy of water diffusion in axon tracts, as determined by diffusion-weighted MRI, has been assumed to reflect the restriction of water diffusion across axon membranes. Reduction in this anisotropy has been interpreted as degeneration of axons. These interpretations are based primarily on a priori reasoning that has had little empirical validation. We(More)
There is controversy about whether axotomized neurons undergo death or only severe atrophy after spinal cord injury (SCI) in mammals. Lampreys recover from complete spinal transection, but only about half of the severed spinal-projecting axons regenerate through the site of injury. The fates of the unregenerated neurons remain unknown, and until now death(More)
The lamprey has been used extensively in studies of CNS axon regeneration. Progress in determining molecular mechanisms involved in regeneration will require the ability to manipulate expression of target genes or to introduce new genes, but in vivo neuronal transfection has posed difficulties in the mature intact nervous system of vertebrates, including(More)
BACKGROUND The sea lamprey has been used as a model for the study of axonal regeneration after spinal cord injury. Although the growing tips of developing axons in lamprey have not been described, in all species studied, growth cones are complex in shape, consisting of a lamellipodium and filopodia, rich in F-actin and lacking neurofilaments (NF). By(More)
In mammals, there are three neurofilament (NF) subunits (NF-L, NF-M, and NF-H), but it was thought that only a single NF, NF180, exists in lamprey. However, NF180 lacked the ability to self-assemble, suggesting that like mammalian NFs, lamprey NFs are heteropolymers, and that additional NF subunits may exist. The present study provides evidence for the(More)
We have previously hypothesized that regeneration of axons after spinal cord injury in the lamprey may involve assembly and transport of neurofilaments (NFs) into the growing tip. A single NF, NF-180, has been cloned in this laboratory and until now was thought to be the only NF subunit in lamprey nervous system. However, homopolymerization of NF-180 has(More)
After a complete spinal cord injury, sea lampreys at first are paralyzed below the level of transection. However, they recover locomotion after several weeks, and this is accompanied by short distance regeneration (a few mm) of propriospinal axons and spinal-projecting axons from the brainstem. Among the 36 large identifiable spinal-projecting neurons, some(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of deoxycholic acid (DCA) on rat pancreatic acinar cell line AR42J and the functional mechanisms of DCA on AR42J cells. AR42J cells were treated with various concentrations of DCA for 24 h and also treated with 0.4 mmol/L DCA for multiple times, and then,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Membrane constituents may play a key role in the magnetization transfer (MT) effect. In lamprey spinal cord, axonal diameters range from <1 microm in the dorsal region to 20-40 microm in the ventral region. There is a corresponding range of axonal, and hence cell membrane, density. These characteristics permit determination of the(More)
Regenerating axon tips in transected lamprey spinal cord contain dense accumulations of neurofilaments (NFs), suggesting that NFs may play a role in the mechanism of axonal regeneration. Compared with heteropolymeric assemblies of NF triplet proteins in mammals, NF in lampreys has been thought to contain only a single subunit (NF180). This would imply that(More)