Guixiang Dai

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The specificity and intensity of CD4(+) helper T-cell responses determine the effectiveness of immune effector functions. Promiscuously immunodominant helper T-cell epitopes in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope glycoprotein gp120 could be important in the development of broadly protective immunity, but the underlying mechanisms of(More)
Complement C5-deficient (C5(-/-)) macrophages derived from B.10 congenic mice were found to be defective in killing intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). They were bacteriostatic after activation with IFN-gamma alone but bactericidal in the combined presence of IFN-gamma and C5-derived C5a anaphylatoxin that was deficient among these macrophages.(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (Mtb) excludes phagocyte oxidase (phox) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) while preventing lysosomal fusion in macrophages (MPhis). The antigen 85A deficient (Delta fbpA) mutant of Mtb was vaccinogenic in mice and the mechanisms of attenuation were compared with MPhis infected with H37Rv and BCG. Delta fbpA(More)
Antigen three-dimensional structure potentially limits the access of endoproteolytic processing enzymes to cleavage sites and of class II major histocompatibility antigen-presenting proteins to helper T-cell epitopes. Helper T-cell epitopes in bacteriophage T4 Hsp10 have been mapped by restimulation of splenocytes from CBA/J and C57BL/6J mice immunized in(More)
Antigen three-dimensional structure potentially limits antigen processing and presentation to helper T-cell epitopes. The association of helper T-cell epitopes with the mobile loop in Hsp10s from mycobacteria and bacteriophage T4 suggests that the mobile loop facilitates proteolytic processing and presentation of adjacent sequences. Sites of initial(More)
Impairment of host immunity, particularly CD4+ T cell deficiency, presents significant complications for vaccine immunogenicity and efficacy. CD40 ligand (CD40L or CD154), a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily (TNFSF), is an important co-stimulatory molecule and, through interactions with its cognate receptor CD40, plays a pivotal role in the(More)
Flagellin has been tested as a protein-based vaccine adjuvant, with the majority of studies focused on antibody responses. Here, we evaluated the adjuvant activity of flagellin for both cellular and humoral immune responses in BALB/c mice in the setting of gene-based immunization, and have made several novel observations. DNA vaccines and adenovirus (Ad)(More)
Tuberculosis remains a major public health hazard worldwide, with neonates and young infants potentially more susceptible to infection than adults. BCG, the only vaccine currently available, provides some protection against tuberculous meningitis in children but variable efficacy in adults, and is not safe to use in immune compromised individuals. A safe(More)
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