Guiseppe Altavilla

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BACKGROUND Erlotinib has been shown to improve progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy when given as first-line treatment for Asian patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with activating EGFR mutations. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of erlotinib compared with standard chemotherapy for first-line treatment of European(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether two commonly used newer platinum-based regimens offer any advantage over vinorelbine-cisplatin (reference regimen) in response rate for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Chemotherapy-naive patients were randomized to receive gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m(2) days 1 and 8 plus cisplatin 75(More)
BACKGROUND Despite natural killer (NK) cells being originally identified and named because of their ability to kill tumor cells in vitro, only limited information is available on NK cells infiltrating malignant tumors, especially in humans. METHODS NK cells infiltrating human nonsmall cell lung cancers (NSCLC) were analyzed with the aim of identifying(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the diagnostic value of fine needle aspiration biopsy in individual lesions of the salivary glands. STUDY DESIGN During a 16-year period (1979-1995), 841 salivary gland lesions were investigated by fine needle aspiration with cytologic examination. The lesions affected the parotid gland area in all cases except 85 and 19, respectively,(More)
Sixteen patients with invasive thymoma (stage III and stage IVA) were treated with chemotherapy and then operation. All tumors were considered nonresectable after first staging, and patients were treated with the following chemotherapy in 4-day courses, administered intravenously: cisplatin (50 mg/m2) and doxorubicin (40 mg/m2) on day 1, vincristine (0.6(More)
Congenital absence of portal vein is a rare malformation. To date, 16 cases have been reported – all in association with other anomalies, i.e. benign or malignant hepatic neoplasms in 6 cases and cardiac malformations in 12. This case report described a girl with congenital absence of portal vein, focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver and cystic kidney(More)
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a recently described bimorphic variant of squamous cell carcinoma with distinct morphological and biological features. We describe the clinicopathological findings, along with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural investigations, in 15 new cases of BSCC of the larynx or hypopharynx observed and treated at the(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome after treatment for glioblastoma remains poor. Therefore, the authors evaluated the long term efficacy and toxicity of treatment with radiotherapy and concurrent carboplatin plus teniposide followed by three cycles of carmustine in patients who underwent resection for glioblastoma. METHODS Fifty-six newly diagnosed patients with(More)
Cisplatin is one of the most effective and widely used anticancer agents for the treatment of several types of tumors. The cytotoxic effect of cisplatin is thought to be mediated primarily by the generation of nuclear DNA adducts, which, if not repaired, cause cell death as a consequence of DNA replication and transcription blockage. However, the ability of(More)
Malignant laryngeal tumours with spindle-cell morphology are relatively rare. Differential diagnosis of spindle-cell carcinoma, leiomyosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, malignant melanoma and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour may be particularly difficult. Ambiguous and indeterminate diagnoses are also possible after immunohistochemical(More)