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The transformer (tra) gene appears to act as the genetic switch that promotes female development by interaction with the transformer2 (tra-2) gene in several dipteran species including the Medfly, housefly and Drosophila melanogaster. In this study, we describe the isolation, expression and function of tra and tra-2 in the economically important(More)
Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is the sensitive method to quantify the expression levels of target genes on the basis of endogenous control. An appropriate reference gene set for normalization is essential for reliable results. The ghost moth, Thitarodes armoricanus, a host species of a medicinal fungus,(More)
In order to effectively overcome the defects of local and global pheromone updating for the basic Ant Colony Algorithm, this paper has proposed a new improved Ant Colony Algorithm based on the dynamic adaptive weight in the updating strategy. The proposed algorithm can update pheromone dynamically and adaptively according to the change of taboo lists and(More)
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