Guiomar Madureira

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The aim of our study was to determine, by allele-specific PCR, the frequency of point mutations in 130 Brazilian patients with the classical and nonclassical forms of 21-hydroxylase deficiency and to correlate genotype with phenotype. The most frequent mutations were 12 splice (41.8% in salt wasting), I172N (32.6% in simple virilizing), and V281L (40.2% in(More)
The frequency of large mutations was determined in 131 Brazilian patients with different clinical forms of 21-hydroxylase deficiency, belonging to 116 families. DNA samples were examined by Southern blotting hybridization with genomic CYP21 and C4cDNA probes after Taql and Bg/II restriction. Large gene conversions were found in 6.6% and CYP21B deletions in(More)
UNLABELLED The ideal surgical technique and appropriate age for performing feminizing genitoplasty are debatable, and few long-term outcome studies have been reported. PURPOSE To report a retrospective study on anatomical and functional outcomes of feminizing genitoplasty in patients with virilizing congenital adrenal hyperplasia. METHODS We selected 34(More)
BACKGROUND Most congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients carry CYP21A2 mutations derived from conversion events involving the pseudogene, and the remaining carry new mutations. OBJECTIVE To review causal mutations and genotype-phenotype correlation in 480 Brazilian patients. METHODS DNA was extracted from 158 salt-wasters (SWs), 116 simple(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Glucocorticoid (GC) therapy is known to predispose to an adverse metabolic profile. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and to correlate this prevalence with GC treatment and family history. METHODS The study population consisted of(More)
Three different new mutations were found after CYP21 gene sequencing in three unrelated patients with the classical form of the 21-hydroxylase deficiency. These mutations were also screened in their affected relatives. In one patient and her brother, both affected with the simple virilizing form and in their aunt, with the nonclassical form, an AG>GG(More)
PURPOSE We reviewed clinical and laboratory findings in 6 male and 32 female patients with functional adrenocortical neoplasms, and compared pediatric and adult data. MATERIALS AND METHODS Hormonal measurements were performed by radioimmunoassay, histological analysis was based on Weiss criteria and staging was done according to previously established(More)
A previous screening of 17 mutations in 130 Brazilian patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency did not identify mutations in 20% of the alleles. To diagnose these alleles we sequenced the entire CYP21 gene of one Mulatto patient with the simple virilizing form, who had only the R356W mutation in a heterozygous state. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The diagnosis of the nonclassical form of 21-hydroxylase (NC-21OH) deficiency, established before molecular studies, is based on basal 17OH-progesterone (17OH-P) values > 15 nmol/l or ACTH-stimulated 17OH-P values > 30 nmol/l. This disease is caused by mutations in the structural gene that can be grouped into three categories: A, B and C,(More)
Zinc plays a very important role in animal and human metabolism. Nowadays, it is one of the most extensively studied trace element, since its sphere of action has been demonstrated to be very broad. From the biochemical standpoint, it controls more than 300 different enzymes, many of them involved with intermediary metabolism, DNA and RNA synthesis, gene(More)