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Transient Receptor Potential-Canonical (TRPC) channels are mammalian homologs of Transient Receptor Potential (TRP), a Ca(2+)-permeable channel involved in the phospholipase C-regulated photoreceptor activation mechanism in Drosophila. The seven mammalian TRPCs constitute a family of channels which have been proposed to function as store-operated as well as(More)
The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT axis and the Nuclear Factor kappa B (NFκB) pathway play critical roles in macrophage survival. In cells other than macrophages proper operation of those two pathways requires Ca²(+) influx into the cell, but if that is the case in macrophages remains unexplored. In the present work we used THP-1-derived(More)
Depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores induces Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane through store-operated channels (SOCs). This store-operated Ca2+ influx is important for the replenishment of the Ca2+ stores, and is also involved in many signaling processes by virtue of the ability of intracellular Ca2+ to act as a second messenger. For many years, the(More)
The canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) cation channels are mammalian homologs of the photoreceptor channel TRP in Drosophila melanogaster. All seven TRPCs (TRPC1 through TRPC7) can be activated through Gq/11 receptors or receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) by mechanisms downstream of phospholipase C. The last decade saw a rapidly growing interest in(More)
Members of the canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) subfamily of cation channels are candidates for capacitative and non-capacitative Ca2+ entry channels. When ectopically expressed in cell lines, TRPC3 can be activated by phospholipase C-mediated generation of diacylglycerol or by addition of synthetic diacylglycerols, independently of Ca2+ store(More)
Conformational coupling with the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor has been suggested as a possible mechanism of activation of TRPC3 channels and a region in the C terminus of TRPC3 has been shown to interact with the IP3 receptor as well as calmodulin (calmodulin/IP3 receptor-binding (CIRB) region). Here we show that internal deletion of 20 amino(More)
RATIONALE Upregulation of endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 and the subsequent increase in monocyte recruitment constitute critical events in atherogenesis. We have recently shown that in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) regulated expression of VCAM-1 depends, to a significant extent, on expression and function of the(More)
We have recently shown that in macrophages proper operation of the survival pathways phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB) has an obligatory requirement for constitutive, non-regulated Ca(2+) influx. In the present work we examined if Transient Receptor Potential Canonical 3 (TRPC3), a member of the TRPC family of(More)
In a variety of cell types, activation of phospholipase C-linked receptors results in the generation of intracellular Ca2+ signals comprised of components of both intracellular Ca2+ release, and enhanced entry of Ca2+ across the plasma membrane. This entry of Ca2+ occurs by either of two general mechanisms: the release of stored Ca2+ can activate, by an(More)
Regulated translocation of canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) proteins to the plasma membrane has been proposed as a mechanism of their activation. By using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM), we monitored green fluorescent protein-labeled TRPC3 (TRPC3-GFP) movement to the plasma membrane in HEK293 cells stably expressing(More)