Guillermo Rodríguez-Navas

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This paper discusses aspects of dependability of real-time communication. In particular, we consider timing behaviour under fault conditions for Controller Area Network (CAN) and the extension Time-triggered CAN (TTCAN) based on a time-driven schedule. We discuss the differences between these buses and their behaviour under electromagnetic interference. We(More)
The controller area network (CAN) is a field bus that is nowadays widespread in distributed embedded systems due to its electrical robustness, low price, and deterministic access delay. However, its use in safety-critical applications has been controversial due to dependability limitations, such as those arising from its bus topology. In particular, in a(More)
The contribution of this paper is threefold. First, an improvement to a previously published paper on the timing analysis of controller area network (CAN) in the presence of transient network faults is presented. A probabilistic fault model is considered, where random faults from electromagnetic interference occur according to a Poisson distribution. The(More)
The traditional approaches to the design of distributed safety-critical systems, due to fault-tolerance reasons, have mostly considered static cyclic table-based traffic scheduling. However, there is a growing demand for operational flexibility and integration, mainly to improve efficiency in the use of system resources, with the network playing a central(More)
Distributed embedded systems that require real-time performance need a network capable of deterministic access delay. CAN is one such network that became widespread in recent years due to its electrical robustness, low price, and priority-based access control. However, its use in safety-critical applications has been controversial due to dependability(More)
The controller area network (CAN) is facing a great opportunity. The maturity of this technology makes many researchers believe that CAN may be adopted in more critical systems. However, the suitability of CAN for these challenging applications strongly depends on our capacity to integrate all the solutions already available into a single, comprehensive(More)
Despite the significant advantages of the Controller Area Network (CAN) there is an extended belief that CAN is not suitable for critical applications, mainly because of several dependability limitations. During the CANbids project each one of these limitations has been addressed and a complete architecture for CAN-based fault-tolerant systems has been(More)
The flexible time-triggered CAN (FTT-CAN) is a master/slave network which uses replicated masters in order to avoid the single point of failure that a single master would represent. Each FTT-CAN replicated masters holds a replica of a communication requirements table, and slaves may request online updates of this table. These updates are the only source of(More)
Time-triggered (TT) switched networks are a deterministic communication infrastructure used by real-time distributed embedded systems. These networks rely on the notion of globally discretized time (i.e. time slots) and a static TT schedule that prescribes which message is sent through which link at every time slot, such that all messages reach their(More)