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Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation has a negative impact on plant cells, and leads to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Heme oxygenase (HO, EC 1.14.99.3) plays a protective role against oxidative stress in mammals, but little is known about this issue in plants. Here, we report for the first time the response of HO in leaves of soybean (Glycine(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO, EC 1.14.99.3) catalyzes the oxidative conversion of heme to biliverdin IXalpha with the concomitant release of carbon monoxide and iron. Recently, HO has been involved in the protection against oxidative stress in plants. The fact that nitric oxide (NO), an endogenous signaling molecule in animals and plants mediates responses to abiotic(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the induction of heme oxygenase-1 (EC 1.14.99.3) plays a protective role for mammalian cells against oxidative stress. Here, we investigated for the first time the possible role of heme oxygenase-1 as an antioxidant defense in leaves of soybean plants. Treatment with 200 microM Cd during 48 h caused a 70% increase in(More)
Delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), precursor of heme, accumulates in a number of organs, particularly in liver of patients with acute porphyrias or lead intoxication. This study characterizes the involvement of bilirubin as an antioxidant in a chronic intoxication with ALA. Female Wistar rats were injected intraperitoneally a daily dose of 40 mg ALA/body wt.,(More)
In this study, the possibility of enhancing cold stress tolerance of soybean plants (Glycine max L.) by exogenous application of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) was investigated. ALA was added to the Hoagland solution at various concentrations ranging from 0 to 40 μM for 12 h. After ALA treatment, the plants were subjected to cold stress at 4°C for 48 h. ALA at(More)
The protective action of salicylic acid (SA) pre-treatment on soybean plants before cadmium (Cd) addition was tested. Oxidative stress parameters, such as TBARS formation, glutathione and chlorophyll content, were altered by Cd, instead no differences were observed in plants only pre-treated with SA. Antioxidant enzymes were affected by Cd treatment, while(More)
Cadmium toxicity has been extensively studied in plants, however its biochemical mechanism of action has not yet been well established. To fulfil this objective, four-weeks-old soybean nodulated plants were treated with 200 muM Cd(2+) for 48 h. delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALA-D, E.C. 4.2.1.24) activity and protein expression, as well as(More)
The present study was undertaken to test the influence of exogenously applied jasmonic acid (JA) upon the oxidative stress exerted by Cd in soybean plants. It was found that depending on its concentration, JA can improve plant antioxidant responses against Cd. Pretreatment with 20 μM JA effectively ameliorated Cd-induced oxidative stress as indicated by the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Acetaminophen (APAP) or paracetamol is a hepatotoxic drug through mechanisms involving oxidative stress. To know whether mammalian cells possess inducible pathways for antioxidant defense, we have to study the relationship between heme metabolism and oxidative stress. METHODS fasted female Wistar rats received a single injection of(More)
The aim of this study was to provide new insights into the role of angiotensin II and arterial pressure in the regulation of antioxidant enzyme activities in a renovascular model of cardiac hypertrophy. For this purpose, aortic coarcted rats were treated with losartan or minoxidil for 7 days. Angiotensin II induced cardiac hypertrophy and oxidative stress(More)