This was an 84-year-old male patient, with worsening functional class from NYHA III/IV to IV/IV and palpitations. No syncope. Physical examination revealed bradycardia, the rest was uneventful. Electrocardiogram showed Mobitz II atrioventricular block. Patient was scheduled for permanent pacemaker implantation. Subclavian vein access was performed via… (More)
BACKGROUND Locating pacemaker electrodes can become complicated by congenital abnormalities such as persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC). OBJECTIVE To evaluate a technique for the implanting of ventricular electrode in patients with persistent LSVC. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was carried out from June 2001 to June 2010 involving all patients… (More)
In 1979 Mesmer's Mémoire sur la découverte du magnestisme animal appeared in Paris. Although Mesmer believed in physical rather than psychological causes, his work in healing through suggestion marks the beginning of modern psychotherapy. In 1879 several state mental hospitals opened in the United States, amid controversies between the medical profession… (More)
The author recalls 1978's anniversaries of events and individuals prominent in the history of medicine, psychiatry, and psychology and examines their practical and theoretical contributions.