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BACKGROUND Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) confer hypersensitivity to the tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. We evaluated the feasibility of large-scale screening for EGFR mutations in such patients and analyzed the association between the(More)
BACKGROUND Erlotinib has been shown to improve progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy when given as first-line treatment for Asian patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with activating EGFR mutations. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of erlotinib compared with standard chemotherapy for first-line treatment of European(More)
PURPOSE Although current treatment options for metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) rely on cisplatin-based chemotherapy, individualized approaches to therapy may improve response or reduce unnecessary toxicity. Excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) has been associated with cisplatin resistance. We hypothesized that assigning cisplatin(More)
BACKGROUND Subcutaneous trastuzumab has shown non-inferior efficacy and a similar pharmacokinetic and safety profile when compared with intravenous trastuzumab in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer. We assessed patient preference for either subcutaneous or intravenous trastuzumab in the international, randomised PrefHer study. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Docetaxel and irinotecan chemotherapy have shown good efficacy in the treatment of advanced oesophago-gastric cancer. This randomised phase II study evaluated the efficacy and toxicity profile of two non-platinum docetaxel-based doublet regimens in advanced oesophago-gastric cancer. METHODS Chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced(More)
7020 Background: The EGFR TK inhibitor erlotinib is a standard treatment in previously treated NSCLC p. Recently, EGFR gene mutations have been reported to be a predictor of efficacy of this and related compounds. This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of erlotinib in untreated p with advanced NSCLC and mutated EGFR. METHODS Eligibility(More)
BACKGROUND Platinum-based doublets are the standard chemotherapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Excision-repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1), xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) and ribonucleotide reductase subunit M1 (RRM1) are essential to the repair of cisplatin DNA adducts. Multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) has been related to(More)
PURPOSE To compare the survival benefit obtained with cisplatin plus gemcitabine, a cisplatin-based triplet, and nonplatinum sequential doublets in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Stage IIIB to IV NSCLC patients were randomly assigned to receive cisplatin 100 mg/m2 day 1 plus gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m2 days 1 and 8, every 3(More)
BACKGROUND Median survival is 10 months and 2-year survival is 20% in metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. A small fraction of non-squamous cell lung cancers harbor EGFR mutations, with improved outcome to gefitinib and erlotinib. Experimental evidence suggests that BRCA1 overexpression enhances sensitivity(More)