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Chondroitinase ABC treatment promotes spinal cord plasticity. We investigated whether chondroitinase-induced plasticity combined with physical rehabilitation promotes recovery of manual dexterity in rats with cervical spinal cord injuries. Rats received a C4 dorsal funiculus cut followed by chondroitinase ABC or penicillinase as a control. They were(More)
After injury to the mammalian central nervous system (CNS), neurons are not able to regenerate their axons and recovery is limited by restricted plasticity. Axon regeneration is inhibited by the presence of the various inhibitory molecules, including chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) which are upregulated around the injury site. Plasticity after the(More)
Elevating spinal levels of neurotrophin NT-3 (NT3) while increasing expression of the NR2D subunit of the NMDA receptor using a HSV viral construct promotes formation of novel multisynaptic projections from lateral white matter (LWM) axons to motoneurons in neonates. However, this treatment is ineffective after postnatal day 10. Because chondroitinase ABC(More)
STUDY DESIGN We studied the effects of inhibitors of COX-2 (NS398) and iNOS (aminoguanidine) alone or in combination with olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) grafts after spinal cord injury in the rat. OBJECTIVE To assess the role exerted by COX-2 and iNOS after spinal cord injury and an OEC transplant. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA COX-2 and iNOS exert a(More)
Can lower limb motor function be improved after a spinal cord lesion by re-engaging functional activity of the upper limbs? We addressed this issue by training the forelimbs in conjunction with the hindlimbs after a thoracic spinal cord hemisection in adult rats. The spinal circuitries were more excitable, and behavioural and electrophysiological analyses(More)
We compared the neurological and electrophysiological outcome, glial reactivity, and spared spinal cord connectivity promoted by acute transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (group OEC) or Schwann cells (group SC) after a mild injury to the rat spinal cord. Animals were subjected to a photochemical injury of 2.5 min irradiation at the T8 spinal cord(More)
We studied the effects of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) transplanted in a photochemical spinal cord injury in adult rats. After dorsal laminectomy at T8 vertebra, subjacent spinal cord was bathed with rose Bengal for 10 min and illuminated with visible light by means of an optic fiber connected to a halogen lamp for 2.5 min at maximal intensity of 8(More)
Rats with a crush in the dorsal funiculi of the C4 segment of the spinal cord were treated with chondroitinase ABC delivered to the lateral ventricle, receiving 6 intraventricular injections on alternate days. In order to investigate the time window of efficacy of chondroitinase, treatment was begun at the time of injury or after a 2, 4 or 7 days delay.(More)
Combining different therapies is a promising strategy to promote spinal cord repair, by targeting axon plasticity and functional circuit reconnectivity. In particular, digestion of chondroitin sulphate proteoglycans at the site of the injury by the activity of the bacterial enzyme chondrotinase ABC, together with the development of intensive task specific(More)
Transplantation of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) into photochemically damaged rat spinal cord diminished astrocyte reactivity and parenchyma cavitation. The photochemical lesion performed at T12--L1 resulted in severe damage to the spinal cord, so that during the first 15 days postoperation all rats dragged their hindlimbs and did not respond to(More)