Guillermina Juliana Baay-Guzman

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Patients with asthma experience airway structural changes, termed airway remodeling, in response to persistent inflammation. 2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME) is an anti-angiogenic agent and downregulates hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and inhibits HIF-1alpha-induced transcriptional activation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. We(More)
BACKGROUND New therapies are necessary to address inadequate asthma control in many patients. This study sets out to investigate whether hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is essential for development of allergic airway inflammation (AAI) and therefore a potential novel target for asthma treatment. METHODS Mice conditionally knocked out for HIF-1β were(More)
BACKGROUND B cells play an important role in allergic asthma. However, the mechanisms by which these cells are activated in the airways remain poorly understood. METHODS We used a mouse model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic inflammation to study CXCL13 and to investigate the concentration of this chemokine in the BAL fluid derived from asthmatic and(More)
Tumor cells develop mechanisms that dysregulate apoptotic pathways resulting in resistance to cytotoxic stimuli. Primary SW480 and metastatic SW620 colon cancer cells are resistant to CDDP-induced apoptosis. Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) was significantly downregulated in SW620 compared to SW480 cells; while apoptotic mediators such as Bax, Bcl-2, and(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of allergic airway inflammation in asthmatic patients is complex and characterized by cellular infiltrates and activity of many cytokines and chemokines. Both the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and chemokine CCL2 have been shown to play pivotal roles in allergic airway inflammation. The interrelationship(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) donors have been shown to activate or inhibit constitutively-activated survival/anti-apoptotic pathways, such as NF-κB, in cancer cells. We report here that treatment of drug-resistant human prostate carcinoma cell lines with high levels (500-1000 μM) of the NO-donor DETANONOate sensitized the resistant tumor cells to apoptosis by CDDP and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chronic inflammation promotes development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). We explored the distribution of Corticotropin-Releasing-Hormone (CRH)-family of receptors and ligands in CRC and their contribution in tumor growth and oncogenic EMT. METHODS mRNA expression of CRH-family members was analyzed in CRC (N=56) and control(More)
The genus Mycobacterium comprises more than 150 species, including important pathogens for humans which cause major public health problems. The vast majority of efforts to understand the genus have been addressed in studies with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The biological differentiation between M. tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is(More)
Transcription factors such as retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) and beta (RARβ) and Yin Yang 1 (YY1) are associated with the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In particular, a lack of RARβ expression is associated with NSCLC development. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of RARα, RARβ and YY1 and their relationship with(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) is the etiological agent of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB); this disease remains a worldwide health problem. Yin-Yang-1 (YY1) plays a major role in the maintenance and progression of some pulmonary diseases, including pulmonary fibrosis. However, the role of YY1 in TB remains unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate(More)