Guillermina Dolcini

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The restriction of cell-free HIV-1 infection has been demonstrated in placental trophoblast choriocarcinoma BeWo cells. We tried to determine the level of the viral replication cycle at which this restriction occurs. BeWo cells produce infectious viruses after transfection with HIV-1 plasmids, independently of viral tropism. CCR5 and CXCR4, but not the CD4(More)
Cells constituting the placental barrier secrete soluble factors that may participate in controlling human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission from the mother to the fetus. In this study, we asked whether placental soluble factors (PSF) could limit cell-cell contact inducing HIV-1 production that occurs after inoculation of HIV-1-infected(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) downregulates cell surface expression of HLA-A and HLA-B but not HLA-C or HLA-E to ultimately escape immune defences. Here, it is shown that cell surface expression of the non-classical HLA-G1 is also downregulated by HIV-1, by using co-transfection experiments and infection with cell-free HIV-1 of HLA-G1-expressing(More)
We aimed to set up and validate a new in vitro model of placental histocultures, for the evaluation of cytokine and chemokine profiles of the placental environment, over a long culture period. Micro-explant cultures from 6 early and 6 term placentae were set up on collagen sponge gel supports at a liquid/air interface. At various times during culture, we(More)
Cytokines are involved in regulating HIV-1 infection. They are also placental environment major components. We assessed the potential impact of HIV-1 infection and/or anti-retroviral drugs on the placental cytokine profiles that may be involved in controlling HIV-1 placental dissemination. Placental explants were obtained after elective caesarean section(More)
In this study, coreceptor usage of HIV-1 other than subtype B in relation to HIV-1 transmission from mother to child was investigated. Repeated sampling of 42 HIV-1-seropositive, asymptomatic women in Cameroon during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, at delivery, and 6 months postpartum were performed. Env subtyping was carried out from(More)
Several genetic subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) of HIV-1 have been identified. The greatest degree of genetic diversity is displayed by variants from Central and West Africa. HIV-1 env C2-V5 and protease sequences were obtained from 15 HIV-1-infected pregnant women, who were selected from a larger cohort study in Yaoundé, Cameroon.(More)
Mechanisms of HIV-1 in utero mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) protection provided by AZT are not completely understood. The placental cytokine network is involved in the control of HIV-1 in utero transmission but the effect of AZT on this network is unknown. To evaluate the effects of AZT on placental cytokine expression, the chorionic villi from HIV-1(More)
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