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Electrical activity in non-neuronal cells can be induced by altering the membrane potential and eliciting action potentials. For example, hormones, nutrients and neurotransmitters act on excitable endocrine cells. In an attempt to correlate such electrical activity with regulation of cell activation, we report here direct measurements of cytosolic free Ca2+(More)
The cytosolic free calcium concentration, [Ca2+]i, was monitored in single rat lactotrophs in primary culture with the fluorescent probe Fura 2. It was found that lactotrophs are very heterogeneous in their [Ca2+]i response to TRH and dopamine, the major physiological regulators of PRL secretion. While in most lactotrophs TRH raises [Ca2+]i, the kinetics of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this work is to present and evaluate a novel segmentation method for localizing the contours of the intima-media complex in the carotid artery wall through longitudinal ultrasound B-mode imaging. The method is used to investigate the association between atherosclerosis risk factors and the cyclic variation of the intima-media thickness(More)
OBJECTIVES Fibrous cap thickness is the most critical component of plaque stability. Therefore, in vivo quantification of cap thickness could yield valuable information for estimating the risk of plaque rupture. In the context of preoperative planning and perioperative decision making, intracoronary optical coherence tomography imaging can provide a very(More)
We aim at investigating arterial diseases at early stage, by assessing the longitudinal (i.e. in the same direction as the blood flow) motion of the intima-media complex. This recently evidenced phenomenon has been shown to provide relevant and complementary information about vascular health. Our method assesses the longitudinal and radial motion from(More)
Muscarinic cholinergic agonists have been shown to inhibit PRL secretion in normal and tumor-derived pituitary cells. Evidence from experiments with the fluorescent Ca2+ probe quin 2 shows that carbachol, acting through muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, lowers the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), in GH3 cells. A decrease in [Ca2+]i is observed(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the plaque free wall (PFW) measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the plaque burden (PB) measured by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). We hypothesize that measurement of the PFW could help to estimate the PB, thereby overcoming the limited ability of OCT to visualize the external(More)
PURPOSE Identification of rupture-prone plaques in coronary arteries is a major clinical challenge. Fibrous cap thickness and wall shear stress are two relevant image-based risk factors, but these two parameters are generally computed and analyzed separately. Accordingly, combining these two parameters can potentially improve the identification of at-risk(More)
The aim of this study is to propose a motion tracking framework dedicated to estimate the trajectory of the common carotid artery wall in B-mode ultrasound sequences. As the image quality of routinely acquired scans is often degraded by a number of factors, accurate estimation of the tissues motion is a challenging task. To address this issue, the main(More)