Guillaume Leonhardt

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Oligomer-based DNA Affymetrix GeneChips representing about one-third of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) genes were used to profile global gene expression in a single cell type, guard cells, identifying 1309 guard cell-expressed genes. Highly pure preparations of guard cells and mesophyll cells were isolated in the presence of transcription inhibitors(More)
BACKGROUND There are no controlled studies investigating the response of patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) to a total sleep deprivation (SD). METHODS The clinical response to SD of patients with SAD in winter was investigated under the stringently controlled conditions of a 40-h constant routine protocol. RESULTS 52% of the SAD patients(More)
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is characterised by recurrent episodes in autumn and winter of depression, hypersomnia, augmented appetite with carbohydrate craving, and weight gain, and can be successfully treated with bright light. Circadian rhythm hypotheses (summarized in) have stimulated research into the pathophysiology of SAD, postulating that:(More)
Twenty-six patients diagnosed as having seasonal affective disorder (SAD) completed weekly depression self-ratings for at least 2.5 and up to 8.25 years. Seasonal recurrence of depression persisted in nine patients, seven remitted, four were chronically depressed, and six showed a diffuse pattern. The age at SAD onset and duration of SAD history before(More)
The role of sleep regulation in Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) was studied in 11 female SAD patients and eight controls in winter before and after light treatment (LT, 6000 lux, 10-14h, 5 days). The sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded at baseline and after the total sleep deprivation (TSD) of a 40-h constant routine. The well-known effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the link between mood, food and metabolic function in Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). METHODS We investigated this link in a combined glucose tolerance-alliesthesia test in eight SAD patients in winter before and after one week light therapy, and in summer. RESULTS SAD patients exhibited faster post-glucose glycaemic(More)
Oligomer-based DNA Affymetrix GeneChips representing about one-third of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) genes were used to profile global gene expression in a single cell type, guard cells, identifying 1309 guard cell–expressed genes. Highly pure preparations of guard cells and mesophyll cells were isolated in the presence of transcription inhibitors(More)
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