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Malaria control relies heavily on pyrethroid insecticides, to which susceptibility is declining in Anopheles mosquitoes. To combat pyrethroid resistance, application of alternative insecticides is advocated for indoor residual spraying (IRS), and carbamates are increasingly important. Emergence of a very strong carbamate resistance phenotype in Anopheles(More)
The larvicidal activity of Biostop Moustiques ® (BM), a botanical biocide, was studied on susceptible and resistant strains of Anopheles gambiae s.s. at the concentrations of 1, 5, 10 and 20 mL/L of water. In addition to mortality and total protein concentration, the effect of BM on the activity of the following metabolic enzymes was evaluated in fourth(More)
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