Guillaume J. Filion

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Chromatin is important for the regulation of transcription and other functions, yet the diversity of chromatin composition and the distribution along chromosomes are still poorly characterized. By integrative analysis of genome-wide binding maps of 53 broadly selected chromatin components in Drosophila cells, we show that the genome is segmented into five(More)
Mammalian dosage compensation involves silencing of one of the two X chromosomes in females and is controlled by the X-inactivation center (Xic). The Xic, which includes Xist and its antisense transcription unit Tsix/Xite, somehow senses the number of X chromosomes and triggers Xist up-regulation from one of the two X chromosomes in females. We found that a(More)
In vertebrates, densely methylated DNA is associated with inactive transcription. Actors in this process include proteins of the MBD family that can recognize methylated CpGs and repress transcription. Kaiso, a structurally unrelated protein, has also been shown to bind methylated CGCGs through its three Krüppel-like C2H2 zinc fingers. The human genome(More)
The human genome is segmented into topologically associating domains (TADs), but the role of this conserved organization during transient changes in gene expression is not known. Here we describe the distribution of progestin-induced chromatin modifications and changes in transcriptional activity over TADs in T47D breast cancer cells. Using ChIP-seq(More)
In eukaryotes, many chromatin proteins together regulate gene expression. Chromatin proteins often direct the genomic binding pattern of other chromatin proteins, for example, by recruitment or competition mechanisms. The network of such targeting interactions in chromatin is complex and still poorly understood. Based on genome-wide binding maps, we(More)
CTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a DNA-binding protein of vertebrates that plays essential roles in regulating genome activity through its capacity to act as an enhancer blocker. We performed a yeast two-hybrid screen to identify protein partners of CTCF that could regulate its activity. Using full-length CTCF as bait we recovered Kaiso, a POZ-zinc finger(More)
4 volume 42 | number 1 | january 2010 | nature genetics To the Editor: In a recent study in Nature Genetics, Wen et al.1 reported the intriguing observation that the human and mouse genomes are organized into large histone H3 lysine 9–dimethylated (H3K9me2) chromatin blocks in various cell types. One of the main conclusions drawn by the authors is that such(More)
Metazoan chromatin at the nuclear periphery is generally characterized by lowly expressed genes and repressive chromatin marks and presents a sub-compartment with properties distinct from the nuclear interior. To test whether the S. pombe nuclear periphery behaves similarly, we used DNA adenine methyltransferase identification (DamID) to map the target loci(More)