Guillaume Ferrand

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With Transmit SENSE, we demonstrate the feasibility of uniformly exciting a volume such as the human brain at 7T through the use of an original minimalist transmit k-space coverage, referred to as "k(T) -points." Radio-frequency energy is deposited only at a limited number of k-space locations in the vicinity of the center to counteract transmit sensitivity(More)
PURPOSE To reduce the local specific absorption rate (SAR) obtained with tailored pulses using parallel transmission while obtaining homogenous flip angle distributions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Finite-element simulations on a human head model were performed to obtain the individual magnetic and electric field maps for each channel of a parallel transmit(More)
One of the promises of Ultra High Field (UHF) MRI scanners is to bring finer spatial resolution in the human brain images due to an increased signal to noise ratio. However, at such field strengths, the spatial non-uniformity of the Radio Frequency (RF) transmit profiles challenges the applicability of most MRI sequences, where the signal and contrast(More)
A new setup for exposure of human cells in vitro at 37 °C to pulse-modulated 300 and 500 MHz signals of future magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems is designed, built up, and characterized. Two dipole antennas, specifically designed for ultrahigh field MRI, are used as radiating structures. The electromagnetic (EM) field distribution inside the(More)
The theoretical shapes of nuclear spin-noise spectra in NMR are derived by considering a receiver circuit with finite preamplifier input impedance and a transmission line between the preamplifier and the probe. Using this model, it becomes possible to reproduce all observed experimental features: variation of the NMR resonance linewidth as a function of the(More)
Parallel transmission is a very promising method to tackle B1+ field inhomogeneities at ultrahigh field in magnetic resonant imaging (MRI). This technique is however limited by the mutual coupling between the radiating elements. Here we propose to solve this problem by designing a passive magneto-electric resonator that we here refer to as stacked magnetic(More)
Introduction: Taming the specific absorption rate (SAR) when using parallel transmission is one of the most challenging problems in MRI at high fields. Using sophisticated simulation tools, it has been shown that the peak local SAR varies with anatomy, but also with the resolution, size and other parameters of the numerical head model [1, 2]. When using 8(More)
Transmit arrays have been developed to compensate for radiofrequency inhomogeneities in high-field MRI using different excitation schemes. They can be classified into static or dynamic shimmings depending on the target: homogenizing the radiofrequency field directly or homogenizing the flip angle distribution using the Bloch equation. We have developed an(More)
PURPOSE Specific absorption rate (SAR) calculations in parallel transmission are commonly performed by using electromagnetic simulations on generic models. In this study, we propose a probabilistic analysis to study the safety factor employed to account for SAR intersubject variability versus risk relationship in head imaging at 7T. METHODS Thirty-three(More)
Parallel transmission (pTx) technology, despite its great potential to mitigate the transmit field inhomogeneity problem in magnetic resonance imaging at ultra-high field (UHF), suffers from a cumbersome calibration procedure, thereby making the approach problematic for routine use. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate on two different 7T systems(More)