Guillaume Duflos

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Fish muscle decarboxylases generate biogenic amines during spoilage. We monitored spoilage in plaice and whiting by assaying biogenic amines represented by the amine index (AI), and by using expert assessors to determine a freshness index (FI) for each fish. First we characterized the assessor- and fish species-related effects on FI, and then we sought to(More)
BACKGROUND The freshness of whiting was studied at five stages of ice storage by comparing the analysis of volatile compounds obtained through solid phase microextraction/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SPME/GC/MS) with two sensory methods. RESULTS Of the volatile compounds identified, 38 were analysed using a statistical multivariate approach and(More)
This study investigated the sensory quality and physicochemical evolution (pH, glucose, l-lactic acid, biogenic amine, free amino-acids and volatile compounds) during storage at 8°C of cooked peeled shrimp inoculated with the specific spoilage bacteria Brochothrix thermosphacta alone or mixed with the protective strain Lactococcus piscium CNCM I-4031.(More)
Pollution of the oceans by microplastics (<5 mm) represents a major environmental problem. To date, a limited number of studies have investigated the level of contamination of marine organisms collected in situ. For extraction and characterization of microplastics in biological samples, the crucial step is the identification of solvent(s) or chemical(s)(More)
Lipid determination by the Smedes method was tested in an interlaboratory trial performed by nine laboratories from seven countries belonging to the West European Fish Technologists Association Analytical Methods Working Group. Five samples of fish and fishery products with different lipid contents, including two blind duplicates, were distributed among the(More)
BACKGROUND Enterococcus faecalis, generally considered as a saprophytic bowel commensal, has recently emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen causing severe urinary tract infections, surgical wound infections, bacteremia, and bacterial endocarditis. This bacterium is capable of forming biofilms on various surfaces and its high level of antibiotic(More)
A method using headspace-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to extract volatile compounds from whiting is developed. Several parameters such as sorption time, desorption time, fiber type, and matrix form are optimized to achieve better sensitivity in minimal analysis time. The efficiency of the method is determined by the(More)
Producers of processed anchovies have developed hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) to guarantee the quality of their products. Nonetheless there is a lack of objective data to determine products' shelf life. The quality of a product is usually established on the basis of its safety and organoleptic properties. These parameters were assessed(More)
This study aimed to identify a protein marker that can differentiate between fresh skinless and frozen-thawed sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fillets using the two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE) technique. Distinct gel patterns, due to proteins with low molecular weight and low isoelectric points, distinguished fresh fillets from(More)
The freshness and quality indices of whiting (Merlangius merlangus) influenced by a large number of chemical volatile compounds, are here analyzed in order to select the most relevant compounds as predictors for these indices. The selection process was performed by means of recent statistical variable selection methods, namely robust model-free feature(More)