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Parkinson's disease (PD) involves the degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) that is thought to cause the classical motor symptoms of this disease. However, motivational and affective impairments are also often observed in PD patients. These are usually attributed to a psychological reaction to the general(More)
Recent evidence suggests that Parkinson's disease affects not only movement, but also cognitive and psychiatric functions. Among these nonmotor complications, apathy, which is defined as a lack of motivation and operationalized as a quantitative reduction in goal-directed behavior, may even precede motor impairments, disappearing with the introduction of(More)
It has been suggested that glutamatergic system hyperactivity may be related to the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUT1-3) import glutamate into synaptic vesicles and are key anatomical and functional markers of glutamatergic excitatory transmission. Both VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 have been identified as definitive(More)
In addition to the classical motor symptoms, motivational and affective deficits are core impairments of Parkinson's disease (PD). We recently demonstrated, by lesional approaches in rats, that degeneration of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) dopaminergic (DA) neurons is likely to have a crucial role in the development of these neuropsychiatry(More)
Parkinson's Disease (PD) involves the degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) that is thought to cause the classical motor symptoms of this disease. However, motivational and affective impairments are also often observed in PD patients. These are usually attributed to a psychological reaction to the general(More)
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