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We have investigated the x-ray scattering signal of highly aligned multilayers of the zwitterionic lipid 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine containing pores formed by the antimicrobial peptide alamethicin as a function of the peptide/lipid ratio. We are able to obtain information on the structure factor of the pore fluid, which then yields the(More)
The agent responsible for the recent severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak is a previously unidentified coronavirus. While there is a wealth of epidemiological studies, little if any molecular characterization of SARS coronavirus (SCoV) proteins has been carried out. Here we describe the molecular characterization of SCoV E protein, a critical(More)
We investigated the structure of the hydrophobic domain of the severe acute respiratory syndrome E protein in model lipid membranes by x-ray reflectivity and x-ray scattering. In particular, we used x-ray reflectivity to study the location of an iodine-labeled residue within the lipid bilayer. The label imposes spatial constraints on the protein topology.(More)
The structure and fluctuations of the swollen L(alpha) lamellar phase of highly charged surfactant didodecyldimethylammonium halide fluid bilayers (DDA+X-) are studied using high-resolution small-angle x-ray scattering and medium-resolution, high-contrast small-angle neutron-scattering. The Caille parameter eta, as a function of the swelling (L(alpha)(More)
In this review article we discuss the thin film analytical techniques of interface sensitive X-ray and neutron scattering applied to aligned stacks of amphiphilic bilayers, in particular phospholipid membranes in the fluid L(alpha) phase. We briefly discuss how the structure, composition, fluctuations and interactions in lipid or synthetic membranes can be(More)
The ternary phase diagram of the amphiphilic triblock copolymer PEO-PPO-PEO ((EO)(20)(PO)(70)(EO)(20) commercialized under the generic name P123), water, and ethanol has been investigated at constant temperature (T = 23 degrees C) by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The microstructure resulting from the self-assembly of the PEO-PPO-PEO block copolymer(More)
Using x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, we studied the layer fluctuations in the lamellar phase of an ionic lyotropic system. We measured the relaxation rate of in-plane (undulation) fluctuations as a function of the wave vector. Static and dynamic results obtained during the same experiment were combined to yield the values of both elastic constants(More)
Transparent gels prepared from an acid solution of TiOCl(2) in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and water have been studied by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The sol-gel transformation of the titanium inorganic polymer was studied as a function of chemical composition of the sol and of the annealing time. Quantitative information was obtained by modeling(More)
There has been an intense research effort in the last decades in the field of biofouling prevention as it concerns many aspects of everyday life and causes problems to devices, the environment, and human health. Many different antifouling and antimicrobial materials have been developed to struggle against bacteria and other micro- and macro-organism(More)
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) that contain fluorophore units are nowadays widely used to tune surface properties and design new chemical sensor chips. It is well-known that the nature of the substrate may strongly interfere with the emission properties of the grafted molecules, but the organization of the monolayer may also have an important role. To(More)