Guillaume Boulay

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Bovine herpesvirus type 1 has two major immunogenic surface glycoproteins: a 90 kDa haemagglutinin and the 130 (74 + 54) kDa glycoprotein. These proteins were purified by rate zonal sucrose density gradient centrifugation after extraction with nonionic detergent Triton X-100. For the preparation of ISCOMs, the glycoproteins were further adsorbed during a(More)
An ISCOM subunit vaccine was prepared by adsorption of purified viral membrane proteins of BHV-1 on the glycoside Quil A and assayed in six-month-old seronegative calves. Groups of five animals were given three intramuscular doses of 50 or 25 micrograms BHV-1/ISCOMs or a commercial attenuated vaccine. Both types of vaccine induced seroconversion: the ISCOM(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of maternal hypotension associated with spinal anesthesia for cesarean section when 10-, 15-, or 20-mg prophylactic boluses of intravenous (IV) ephedrine are used. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Teaching hospital. PATIENTS 108 women admitted for elective cesarean section. INTERVENTIONS Spinal(More)
  • G Boulay, J Hamza
  • 2004
Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a rare and critical situation which requires fast and well-planned management where close collaboration between obstetricians and anesthesiologists is essential. In case of persisting or worsening bleeding in spite of initially adequate management, the main goal of the anesthesiologist is to maintain hemodynamic(More)
CaCl2 and LiCl cell extracts and a crude hemolysin preparation were isolated from Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 strain 4074 and tested for protection against A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 and 5 in mice. The LiCl cell extract adsorbed on AlPO4 and the crude hemolysin preparation adsorbed on Al(OH)3 showed a highly significant protection (P <(More)
BACKGROUND Blood L-lactate concentration (LAC) can be used for various diagnostic purposes in cattle. As multiple handheld analyzers for LAC exist, it is important to validate their use in cattle in comparison with reference laboratory blood analyzers. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to validate the handheld Lactate Pro meter (LacP) including(More)
Misplacement of a central venous catheter may lead to myocardial perforation and dysrhythmia. Atrial electrocardiography (ECG) through a saline column is an effective but complex method to determine the accurate location of catheters. We evaluated a simplified variant of this technique using the guidewire as an internal electrode in 23 children (5-16 years(More)
Maternal hypotension is a common problem during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. We evaluated in a prospective observational study the influence of injection speed on maternal hypotension. Hyperbaric bupivacaine 10 mg, sufentanil 2 microg and morphine 200 microg (total volume 4 mL) were injected either quickly (<15 s) or slowly (=120 s) in 50 women(More)
We present a case of respiratory depression likely due to oxycodone and precipitated by fluconazole. Oxycodone demethylation is catalyzed by CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 [1], with contribution ratios of 0.54 and 0.2, respectively [2]. Coadministration of oxycodone with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors results in raised oxycodone plasma levels [3–5]. Fluconazole inhibits(More)
This study was designed to determine in six-week old specific pathogen free pigs, the effect of previous experimental exposure to Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and transmissible gastroenteritis virus on a challenge infection with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Pigs exposed simultaneously to M. hyopneumoniae and transmissible gastroenteritis virus appeared more(More)