Guillaume Boulay

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STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of maternal hypotension associated with spinal anesthesia for cesarean section when 10-, 15-, or 20-mg prophylactic boluses of intravenous (IV) ephedrine are used. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Teaching hospital. PATIENTS 108 women admitted for elective cesarean section. INTERVENTIONS Spinal(More)
Using C57BL/HPB mouse erythrocytes, hemagglutination has been observed with the Los Angeles and Colorado-1 strains of bovine herpesvirus type 1 and with 12 other Canadian field isolates as well. The specificity of the hemagglutination observed with the viral strains has been confirmed by a hemagglutination-inhibition assay.
An ISCOM subunit vaccine was prepared by adsorption of purified viral membrane proteins of BHV-1 on the glycoside Quil A and assayed in six-month-old seronegative calves. Groups of five animals were given three intramuscular doses of 50 or 25 micrograms BHV-1/ISCOMs or a commercial attenuated vaccine. Both types of vaccine induced seroconversion: the ISCOM(More)
The immunogenicity of bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) hemagglutinin has been investigated. Both live and nonionic detergent solubilized vaccines were prepared and 5000 hemagglutinating units (HAU) were injected subcutaneously into rabbits. Both types of vaccine induced a good antibody response but live virus was four times more efficient in inducing(More)
CaCl2 and LiCl cell extracts and a crude hemolysin preparation were isolated from Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 strain 4074 and tested for protection against A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 1 and 5 in mice. The LiCl cell extract adsorbed on AlPO4 and the crude hemolysin preparation adsorbed on Al(OH)3 showed a highly significant protection (P <(More)
Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a rare and critical situation which requires fast and well-planned management where close collaboration between obstetricians and anesthesiologists is essential. In case of persisting or worsening bleeding in spite of initially adequate management, the main goal of the anesthesiologist is to maintain hemodynamic(More)
Misplacement of a central venous catheter may lead to myocardial perforation and dysrhythmia. Atrial electrocardiography (ECG) through a saline column is an effective but complex method to determine the accurate location of catheters. We evaluated a simplified variant of this technique using the guidewire as an internal electrode in 23 children (5-16 years(More)
Maternal hypotension is a common problem during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. We evaluated in a prospective observational study the influence of injection speed on maternal hypotension. Hyperbaric bupivacaine 10 mg, sufentanil 2 microg and morphine 200 microg (total volume 4 mL) were injected either quickly (<15 s) or slowly (=120 s) in 50 women(More)
Bovine herpesvirus type 1 has two major immunogenic surface glycoproteins: a 90 kDa haemagglutinin and the 130 (74 + 54) kDa glycoprotein. These proteins were purified by rate zonal sucrose density gradient centrifugation after extraction with nonionic detergent Triton X-100. For the preparation of ISCOMs, the glycoproteins were further adsorbed during a(More)