Guillaume Blanchet

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Protein engineering approaches are often a combination of rational design and directed evolution using display technologies. Here, we test "loop grafting," a rational design method, on three-finger fold proteins. These small reticulated proteins have exceptional affinity and specificity for their diverse molecular targets, display protease-resistance, and(More)
One hundred four serogroup A meningococci in our collection, isolated in Africa from 1988 to 1999, were characterized by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Our results and data from the Internet indicate that sequence type 5 (ST-5) strains were responsible for most of African outbreaks and sporadic cases during this period. In 1995, a new clone,(More)
Although snake venoms have been the subject of intense research, primarily because of their tremendous potential as a bioresource for design and development of therapeutic compounds, some specific groups of snakes, such as the genus Atractaspis, have been completely neglected. To date only limited number of toxins, such as sarafotoxins have been well(More)
Despite their isolation more than fifteen years ago from the venom of the African mamba Dendroaspis polylepis, very few data are known on the functional activity of MTβ and CM-3 toxins. MTβ was initially classified as a muscarinic toxin interacting non-selectively and with low affinity with the five muscarinic receptor subtypes while no biological function(More)
Muscarinic toxins isolated from the venom of Dendroaspis snakes may interact with a high affinity, large selectivity and various functional properties with muscarinic receptors. Therefore, these toxins are invaluable tools for studying the physiological role, molecular functioning and structural organization of the five subtypes of these G-Protein Coupled(More)
Interaction of an effector M with acetylcholinesterase (EC according to the model of Krupka and Laidler was analysed. Some usual functions of [M] : 1/VM, [(VO/VM)-1]/[M] (where VO and VM are the steady state rates in the absence and in the presence of modifiers, respectively), vertical intercept 1/VM, slope KM/VM and absolute value of reciprocal(More)
Interaction of usual effectors with acetylcholinesterase (EC from bovine erythrocytes was examined under conditions of high ionic strength (gamma/2 greater than or equal to 0,1). Detailed kinetic investigation of the hydrolysis of acetylcholine by acetylcholinesterase in the presence of modifiers shows that the effects produced by numerous(More)
In reaction mixture containing 0,1 M NaCl and acetylcholine used as substrate, the kinetics of the inhibition of bovine erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (EC by thioridazine hydrochloride and thiazinamium methylsulfate imply the simultaneous binding of two thioridazine or thiazinamium molecules at the free enzyme and of two thioridazine molecules at(More)
Composition of mamba's venom is quite atypical and characterized by the presence of a large diversity of three-finger fold toxins (3FTx) interacting with various enzymes, receptors and ion channels. In particular, 3FTx from mambas display the unique property to interact with class A GPCRs, sometimes with a high affinity and selectivity. A screening of five(More)