Guillaume Besch

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BACKGROUND Suppression ratio (SR) derived from bispectral index (BIS) monitoring is correlated to EEG burst suppression. It may occur during deep anaesthesia, but also in the case of metabolic or haemodynamic brain injury. The goal of the study was to describe the occurrence of SR and to determine factors associated with SR during propofol-remifentanil(More)
BACKGROUND The triage nurse is involved in the early identification of the most severe patients at emergency department (ED) presentation. However, clinical criteria alone may be insufficient to identify them correctly. Measurement of capillary lactate concentration at ED presentation may help to discriminate these patients. The primary objective of this(More)
INTRODUCTION This prospective study was designed to evaluate whether preoperative plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) could identify significant preoperative cardiovascular disease in elderly hip-fractured patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Preoperative plasma BNP measurement and rest transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) were performed within 24 h after(More)
Mortality of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains extremely high and only few evidence-based specific treatments are currently available. Protective mechanical ventilation has emerged as the comer stone of the management of ARDS to avoid the occurrence of ventilation-induced lung injuries (VILI). Mechanical ventilation in the prone(More)
This case report documents that ventricular myocardial rupture after acute infarction may seal with clot, only to rupture again with potentially lethal consequences. At exploration, the clot over a fresh rupture was intact. As closure was started, the clot disrupted, causing severe hemorrhage. Rupture was successfully repaired and the patient survived.
BACKGROUND Despite current progress, the prognosis of critical limb ischemia (CLI) remains poor. The ageing of the population, the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and the stability of tobacco use will increase the prevalence of CLI. CLI patients have risk factors for malnutrition, and the impact of malnutrition on morbidity and mortality has(More)
Objectives Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is poorly identified in surgery for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm and an early management is crucial. The aim of this study was to validate how many risk factors were needed to predict ACS. Secondary objectives were to assess its prevalence and the 30-day mortality. Methods All patients operated for(More)
BACKGROUND The ENDOTANIL Trial aimed at comparing an association of target-controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil and propofol to TCI of propofol alone on the clinical conditions during pan endoscopy for assessment of the upper airway (pan endoscopy) performed under tubeless general anesthesia. METHODS This double-blind, single center, parallel,(More)