Guiling Cheng

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Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) is the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), which is an aggressive form of human T-cell malignancy. The viral protein, Tax, immortalizes human T-cells and inhibits various types of apoptosis, and is thought to play crucial roles in the development of ATL. We have recently demonstrated that Tax induces(More)
Transcription of the IP-10 gene requires interferon (IFN)-stimulated response element (ISRE) and kappaB sites to be induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), IFN-gamma, virus, and poly(I:C). A requirement for Stat1 binding to ISRE for IFN-gamma and IFN regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) binding to ISRE for LPS, poly(I:C), and virus has been reported. We investigated(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of heat stress in the small intestine remain undefined. Furthermore, little information is available concerning changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression following heat stress. The present study sought to evaluate miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the rat small intestine in response to heat stress.(More)
Our previous studies found small intestine epithelial tissues from several different animals (including rats, pigs and chickens) became significantly damaged following exposure to extreme heat. However, damaged tissue was rapidly repaired or regenerated in the following few days. Growth-related molecules are critical for cellular survival and promote(More)
Measles virus (MV) and interferon (IFN)-gamma induced IP-10 chemokine mRNA in U373 glioblastoma cells. The minimal response element for both MV and IFN-gamma was localized between nucleotide -231 and -153 of muIP-10 promoter, which contains an IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE) and the distal NF-kappa Bd site. Mutation of individual elements showed that(More)
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