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The effects of hyposmotic stress and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) challenge in expression was studied in the marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Messenger RNA from gills of shrimp submitted to(More)
Diesel fuel can cause adverse effects in marine invertebrates by mechanisms that are not clearly understood. The authors used suppressive subtractive hybridization to identify genes up- and(More)
Contaminant input into the environment can affect the biochemical responses of exposed organisms. Activity of conjugation enzymes, such as glutathione S-transferase (GST) has been proposed as a(More)
Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, were exposed to untreated sewage diluted in seawater. After 48h of exposure, the expression of genes associated to biotransformation pathways (CYP356A1, GSTO, MDR,(More)