Guilherme Menegon Arantes

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Type IV secretion systems (T4SS) are used by Gram-negative bacteria to translocate protein and DNA substrates across the cell envelope and into target cells. Translocation across the outer membrane is achieved via a ringed tetradecameric outer membrane complex made up of a small VirB7 lipoprotein (normally 30 to 45 residues in the mature form) and the(More)
Accurate calculations of free energies involved in small-molecule binding to a receptor are challenging. Interactions between ligand, receptor, and solvent molecules have to be described precisely, and a large number of conformational microstates has to be sampled, particularly for ligand binding to a flexible protein. Linear interaction energy models are(More)
PTPs (protein tyrosine phosphatases) are fundamental enzymes for cell signalling and have been linked to the pathogenesis of several diseases, including cancer. Hence, PTPs are potential drug targets and inhibitors have been designed as possible therapeutic agents for Type II diabetes and obesity. However, a complete understanding of the detailed catalytic(More)
Metalloproteins play indispensable roles in biology owing to the versatile chemical reactivity of metal centres. However, studying their reactivity in many metalloproteins is challenging, as protein three-dimensional structure encloses labile metal centres, thus limiting their access to reactants and impeding direct measurements. Here we demonstrate the use(More)
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