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The scattering and backscattering coefficients of 15 phytoplankton species were determined in the laboratory using the acs and BB9 instruments. The spectral variability of scattering properties was investigated and the homogenous sphere model based on Mie theory was also evaluated. The scattering efficiencies at 510 nm varied from 1.42 to 2.26, and the(More)
A real-time object detection algorithm by using multiple cameras is proposed. The information fusion is based on homographic transformation of the foreground information from multiple cameras to a reference image. Unlike the most recent algorithms which transmit and project foreground bitmap images, we approximate the contour of each foreground region with(More)
Ocean-color remote sensing has been used as a tool to detect phytoplankton size classes (PSCs). In this study, a three-component model of PSC was reparameterized using seven years of pigment measurements acquired in the South China Sea (SCS). The model was then used to infer PSC in a cyclonic eddy which was observed west of Luzon Island from SeaWiFS(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) on the expressions of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease/redox factor-1 (APE/Ref-1) and thioredoxin (TRX) in MRC-5 human embryo lung fibroblasts induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and explore the mechanism of APS protecting MRC-5 cells from oxidative damage. METHODS The MRC-5 cells(More)
Phytoplankton size is important for the pelagic food web and oceanic ecosystems. However, the size of phytoplankton is difficult to quantify because of methodological constraints. To address this limitation, we have exploited the phytoplankton package effect to develop a new method for estimating the mean cell size of individual phytoplankton populations.(More)
In this study, variations in the particulate organic carbon (POC) were monitored during a phytoplankton bloom event, and the corresponding changes in bio-optical properties were tracked at one station (114.29°E, 22.06°N) located in the Pearl River estuary. A greater than 10-fold increase in POC (112.29-1173.36 mg m⁻³) was observed during the bloom, with the(More)
A model for estimating the contributions of phytoplankton and nonalgal particles to the total particulate absorption coefficient was developed based on their separate spectral relationships, and a constrained nonlinear optimization code was used to realize the spectral decomposition. The spectral absorption of total particulate matter including(More)
Phytoplankton cell size is an important property that affects diverse ecological and biogeochemical processes, and analysis of the absorption and scattering spectra of phytoplankton can provide important information about phytoplankton size. In this study, an inversion method for extracting quantitative phytoplankton cell size data from these spectra was(More)
In eukaryotic cells, Rev7 interacts with Rev3 and functions as a regulatory subunit of Polζ, a translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) polymerase. In addition to its role in TLS, mammalian Rev7, also known as Mad2B/Mad2L2, participates in multiple cellular activities including cell cycle progression and double-strand break repair through its interaction with(More)
The presence of foam influences the accuracy of satellite-derived water-leaving radiance. A model has been developed to estimate the augmented reflectance ratio (A(λ, U)) due to differences in the fraction of whitecap coverage (w) on the ocean surface. A(λ, U) can be calculated from the product of w and ρ(λ, U), where ρ(λ, U) is the augmented ratio of the(More)