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There is considerable debate In economics literatmre on ensure that the equilibrium flow of licensing higher-whether a decision by developing countries to strengthen qualitv goods meets these objectives. When the South their protectiot of intellectual property rights (IPRs) will strengthens its patent rights, copying by licensees is made increase or reduce(More)
SUMMARY This paper provides an overview of theoretical mechanisms by which the strength of an economy's intellectual property rights system could affect inward flows of foreign direct investment and technology licensing. It also reviews briefly the available econometric and survey evidence on these questions and lists new estimates suggesting that the(More)
Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining is the routine diagnostic method for breast cancer (BC), and large amounts of HE stained histopathological images are available for analysis. It is emergent to develop computational methods to efficiently and objectively analyze these images, with the aim of providing potentially better diagnostic and prognostic information(More)
AIMS Altered expression of epithelial or stromal caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is observed in various types of human cancers. However, the clinical significance of Cav-1 expression in gastric cancer (GC) remains largely unknown. The present study aims to explore the clinicopathological significance and prognostic value of both tumor cells and cancer associated(More)
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) expression deficiency and autophagy in tumor stromal fibroblasts (hereafter fibroblasts) are involved in tumor proliferation and progression, particularly in breast and prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to detect the expression of fibroblastic Cav-1 and LC3B, markers of autophagy, in gastric cancer (GC) and to analyze their(More)
Little is known on the immune response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to investigate the effects of NACT on tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in patients with GC. Expressions of CD4+ and CD8+ TILs and identified co-inhibitory B7-H4 molecule were examined by immunohistochemical(More)
Primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL) is a relatively rare malignancy with limited results on clinical characteristics and carcinogenesis. Chromosome instability (CIN) is a hallmark of cancer cells, including lymphoma. As a key component of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), BubR1 plays a crucial role in maintaining genome(More)
Despite the extensive application of multispectral imaging (MSI) in biomedical multidisciplinary researches, there is a paucity of data available regarding the implication of MSI in tumor prognosis prediction. We compared the behaviors of multispectral (MS) and conventional red-green-blue (RGB) images on assessment of human epidermal growth factor receptor(More)