Guido de Guidi

Learn More
Solid dispersions of diflunisal (DIF) with Eudragit RS100 (RS) and RL100 (RL) with different drug-to-polymer ratios were prepared by a solvent method (coevaporates) and were characterised in the solid state in comparison with the corresponding physical mixtures. The work was aimed at characterising the interactions occurring between DIF and RS or RL(More)
According to Ambroise Pare, “there is this danger in the dislocation of the hip, that either the bone cannot be put into the place again, at least unless with much trouble, or else, being put in, that it will presently fall out again.” These difficulties have been largely overcome, only to be replaced by the problem of avascular necrosis. Mason (1954)(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are widely used in the treatment of pain and inflammation associated with several diseases. Naproxen, 2-(6-methoxy-2-naphthyl) propionic acid (NAP), belongs to this pharmacological class and appears to be associated with a high incidence of both photoallergic and phototoxic reactions. In this study, using human(More)
Previous studies have clarified the molecular mechanism of photosensitization on red blood cell membranes induced by some drugs belonging to the class of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs: ketoprofen, naproxen, and diflunisal. This process involves the participation of photodegradation products, free radicals, and reactive oxygen species. The aim of the(More)
The role played by type I (radical) and type II (singlet oxygen) mechanisms in the Rufloxacin (RFX)-photoinduced production of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine in DNA has been evaluated. This fluoroquinolone drug has been shown to be able to photoinduce increased levels of some DNA base oxidation products, such as 8-OH-dGuo, that are indicative of mutagenic and(More)
The superoxide dismutase activity of several copper(II) complexes of linear and cyclic dipeptides has been measured. The results of a classic indirect method (xanthine-xanthine oxidase) have been compared with those obtained by generation of the superoxide radical through 2-(3-benzoylphenyl)propionic acid (ketoprofen) photolysis. A simulation approach,(More)
Phosphate buffer suspensions of unilamellar liposomes of phosphatidylcholine were irradiated with UVC (254 nm) and UVB (300 nm) light. The irradiation provoked lipid peroxidation and liposome lysis with release of entrapped glucose-6-phosphate. At the same intensity of absorbed light, the photochemical effect at 254 nm is higher than at 300 nm. The addition(More)
The aromatic amino acid tryptophan is the most susceptible protein residue involved in various photosensitized adverse effects. Of these processes, the tryptophan photosensitization induced by methylene blue has been well studied. A predominant type II photosensitizing activity, mediated by singlet oxygen, has been already demonstrated on various models.(More)
Photodegradation of ofloxacin (OFX) under aerobic conditions gives rise to N-demethylation, mainly involving coupling of radical cation OFX(*)(+ )()with superoxide radical anion. Although H(2)O(2) is produced as a byproduct, oxidative damage to DNA to give 8-OH-dGuo is associated with a type II mechanism. When the photosensitizing potentials of OFX and(More)
The spectroscopic and photochemical behavior of Enoxacin (ENX), 1-ethyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl)- 1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxylic acid, has been investigated in aqueous solutions between pH 3.5 and pH 12. The absorption and emission properties of ENX are strongly affected by pH. The fluorescence quantum yield, 4 x 10(-3) at pH 3.5,(More)